Joseph WigginsFRGS (3 September 1832–13 September 1905) was an English mariner, born at Norwich into a family of mailcoach operators.
He rounded out a successful career as a sea captain by utilizing a portion of the northern sea route to Siberia. He was the pioneer in demonstrating the practicability of trade relations by sea between the North Sea countries and the northern portion of Siberia. Beginning his voyages in 1874, he twice reached the Ob River, and five times carried cargoes to the Yenisei River, up which stream he once navigated his ship 2000 miles (3218km). He facilitated the construction of the Trans-Siberian railway by carrying to that country a large cargo of rails.