Joshua Waitzkin, 2005
December 4, 1976 |
New York City
|FIDE rating||2464 (September 2017)|
|Peak rating||2480 (July 1998)|
Joshua Waitzkin (born December 4, 1976) is an American chess player, martial arts competitor, and author. As a child, he was recognized as a prodigy, and won the U.S. Junior Chess championship in 1993 and 1994. He is the only person to have won the National Primary, Elementary, Junior High School, High School, U.S. Cadet, and U.S. Junior Closed chess championships in his career. The movie Searching for Bobby Fischer is based on his early life.
Early life and education
Waitzkin was born in New York City and has a Jewish background. He began playing the game at the age of six, having discovered it while wandering through Washington Square Park in New York City. It was there, while playing blitz chess with the hustlers, that he was "discovered" by Bruce Pandolfini, a chess author and teacher, who later took Waitzkin under his wing for a number of years. During his years as a student at The Dalton School in New York City he led the school to win seven national team championships between the third and ninth grades in addition to his eight individual titles. In 1999, Waitzkin enrolled at Columbia University, where he studied philosophy.
The first master he ever defeated was Edward Frumkin, in a game featuring a remarkable sacrifice of Waitzkin's queen and rook in exchange for a checkmate six moves later. Waitzkin was only ten years old at the time. At age 11, he and fellow prodigy K. K. Karanja were the only two children to draw with World Champion Garry Kasparov in an exhibition game where Kasparov played simultaneously against 59 youngsters. Two years later, he earned the title of National Master, and at age 16 became an International Master.
Waitzkin remains a well-known and popular chess figure, largely owing to Paramount Pictures' 1993 movie Searching for Bobby Fischer. The script for this film was based on a 1988 book by Waitzkin's father, Fred Waitzkin: Searching for Bobby Fischer: The Father of a Prodigy Observes the World of Chess. Waitzkin makes a cameo in the film, in a scene in the last quarter of the movie where his father is watching a young Josh play a character Vinnie from a bench. The real Waitzkin can be seen wearing a green/gray coat over a white shirt and standing behind a boy in a black sweatshirt who is playing chess right next to the film's version of Waitzkin. 
Waitzkin announced the formation of the JW Foundation on April 12 2008:
The JW Foundation is dedicated to helping teachers, parents, and educational institutions nurture the unique potential of children and young adults. Our mission is to help students discover a creative, resilient passion for learning while embracing and overcoming challenges.
The organization recently launched a new initiative and website, the Art of Learning Project. The site features resources for educators interested in developing a more engaged understanding of the learning process.
Joshua Waitzkin is the author of two books: Attacking Chess: Aggressive Strategies, Inside Moves from the U.S. Junior Chess Champion (1995) and The Art of Learning: An Inner Journey to Optimal Performance (2008). He is also the spokesperson for the Chessmaster video game series, and is featured in the game giving advice and game analysis.
In The Art of Learning, Waitzkin recounts the story of his years as a chess competitor from his own perspective. He describes how movie fame challenged his concentration on the game, how he took up Tai Chi as a form of relaxation, and then discovered that the same learning techniques he employed in chess enabled him to advance rapidly in martial arts as well. He subsequently studied eastern philosophies and the psychology of learning.
As a young adult, Waitzkin's focus shifted to the martial art Taiji Quan. He holds several US national medals and a 2004 world champion title in the competitive sport of Taiji Push Hands (Taiji Tui Shou). Waitzkin also became a championship coach, leading Grandmaster William C. C. Chen's US Push Hands Team to several titles at the Tai Chi World Cup in Taiwan, guiding teammates Jan Lucanus and Jan C. Childress to their world titles. Waitzkin is also a black belt in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu under world champion and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu phenomenon Marcelo Garcia. Waitzkin is the co-founder of MGInAction.com and The Marcelo Garcia Academy, a Brazilian Jiu Jitsu school located in New York City.
Waitzkin is active in the fight against Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy. Although he does not have it himself, a close friend of his, Jonathan Wade, suffers from the medical condition.
Jeff Sarwer has stated "I didn't know him that well, but I always thought he was a nice kid. We played a couple of tournament games and I always felt sorry for him because it seemed like his dad put a lot of pressure on him. I remember feeling like he maybe didn't love the game much at all and if that read was correct, then he did extraordinarily well for someone in his position! I am happy that he has found a lot of satisfaction with the martial arts, that most likely makes him a very balanced trustworthy person".
Bruce Pandolfini has stated "Everything seemed to come naturally to Jeff [Sarwer]. He was a ferocious competitor who intimidated most kids, regardless of their strength, typically reducing them to cowering cringers who couldn’t think in his presence. The main exception was Josh Waitzkin. That these truly stellar individuals should leave the battleground of competitive chess, considering the great pressure they were under, doesn’t surprise me....But it also doesn’t surprise me that they became stalwarts in other disciplines (Josh in the martial arts, Jeff in poker).
- Waitzkin's game against Frumkin
- "USCF membership info". Main.uschess.org. Retrieved 2011-12-04.
- "Waitzkin FIDE card". Ratings.fide.com. Retrieved 2011-12-04.
- "Josh Waitzkin's The Art of Learning. Chess and Martial Arts". Shows Waitzkin's championship round at Chung Hwa Tai Chi World Cup 2004. Retrieved 24 March 2014.
- "Jan Lucanus vs. Chen Chi-Cheng Fixed Step Push Hands Championship Match ICMAC Orlando, FL 2005". Josh Waitzkin coaches Jan Lucanus' victory over Tai Chi World Champ. World Push Hands. Retrieved 24 March 2014.
- "Josh Waitzkin Interview | On the Mat | Worlds Largest Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Gi and No Gi Belt Database". On the Mat. January 25, 2008. Retrieved 2011-12-04.
- "Josh Waitzkin interview « Another neijia blog". Neijia.wordpress.com. May 2, 2008. Retrieved 2011-12-04.
- "Wedding Under the Cherry Blossoms at the Brooklyn Botanical Garden". cranesongphotography.com. Retrieved 2012-08-12.
- Shahade, Jennifer (8 January 2010). "The United States Chess Federation - Lost and Found: An Interview with Jeff Sarwer". United States Chess Federation. Retrieved 28 July 2017.
- Fred Waitzkin, Searching for Bobby Fischer: The Father of a Prodigy Observes the World of Chess (1988), Random House hardcover: ISBN 0-394-54455-2, Penguin paperback: ISBN 978-0-14-023038-3
- Josh Waitzkin, Attacking Chess: Aggressive Strategies and Inside Moves from the U.S. Junior Chess Champion (1995), Fireside, ISBN 978-0-684-80250-3
- Josh Waitzkin, The Art of Learning: A Journey in the Pursuit of Excellence (2007), Free Press, ISBN 978-0-7432-7745-7
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Joshua Waitzkin|
- Joshua Waitzkin player profile and games at Chessgames.com
- "Chess Champion Offers Success Strategies for Life" audio interview by NPR on May 14, 2007 about the book The Art of Learning
- The Art of Learning Project
- Interviews with Josh Waitzkin
- JW Foundation
- Edward Winter, Searching for Bobby Fischer (Joshua Waitzkin)