Juan Martínez de Rozas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Juan Martínez de Rozas
Juan Martínez de Rozas.JPG
Interim President of Government Junta
In office
February 27, 1811 – April 2, 1811
Preceded byMateo de Toro Zambrano
Succeeded byFernando
Márquez de la Plata
Personal details
Juan Martínez de Rozas Correa

1759 (1759)
Mendoza, Argentina
DiedMarch 3, 1813(1813-03-03) (aged 54)
Mendoza, Argentina
ParentsMaría Correa y Villegas
Juan Martínez de Soto y Rozas
Alma materRoyal University of San Felipe

Juan Martínez de Rozas Correa (December 28, 1758 – May 16, 1813) was the earliest leader in the Chilean struggle for independence.


He was born at Mendoza (then, still a Chilean dependency), the son of Juan Martínez de Soto Rozas and María Prudencia Correa Villegas. In his early life he was a professor of law, theology and philosophy at Santiago. He held the post of acting governor of Concepción at one time, and was also colonel in a militia regiment.

In 1808 he became secretary to the last Spanish governor, Francisco Antonio García Carrasco, and used his position to prepare the nationalist movement that began in 1809. After resigning his position as secretary, Rozas was mainly responsible for the resignation of the Spanish governor, and the formation of a national Junta on September 18, 1810 of which he was the real leader. After the death of the President and Vice President of the First Government Junta, he acted as Interim President.

Under his influence many reforms were initiated, freedom of trade was established, an army was organized and a national congress was called together in July 1811. His influence began to wane with the Figueroa mutiny, and by the end of 1811 divisions began to arise between Rozas followers from Concepción and the men of Santiago. Also a feud broke out between Rozas and José Miguel Carrera, who had secured control of Santiago. In 1812 Carrera succeeded in securing the banishment of his rival, who was forced to retire to Mendoza, where he died on May 16, 1813.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Rozas, Juan Martinez de". Encyclopædia Britannica. 23 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 795.
Government offices
Preceded by
Mateo de Toro Zambrano
Interim President
of Government Junta

Succeeded by
Márquez de la Plata