Jughril

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Asad al-Dīn Jughrīl ibn ‘Abd Allāh al-Kāmilī (Arabic: أسد الدين جغريل بن عبد الله الكاملي‎) was the Ayyubid Emir of Mecca from 1235 to 1238.

In 1235 Sultan al-Kamil sent Emir Jughril to capture Mecca from Sharif Rajih ibn Qatadah, an ally of Sultan al-Mansur Umar of Yemen. Jughril captured the city in Ramadan 632 AH (May/June 1235). According to al-Nuwayri his army numbered 700 horsemen, while according to some other historians he had 500 horsemen and four emirs: Wajh al-Sab', al-Bunduqi, Ibn Abi Dhikri, and Ibn Birtas.

In 633 AH (1235/1236) Jughril fought and defeated Rajih at al-Khariqayn, a place between Mecca and al-Sirrayn. He also captured the Yemeni Emir al-Shihab Ibn Abdan and sent him as a prisoner back to Egypt.

On 7 Rajab 635 (c. 23 February 1238) Jughril and his men withdrew from Mecca to escape al-Mansur's army. In Medina he received the news of al-Kamil's death. He returned to Egypt in mid-Sha'ban (March/April 1238).

References[edit]

  • Ibn Fahd, ‘Izz al-Dīn ‘Abd al-‘Azīz ibn ‘Umar ibn Muḥammad (1986). Shaltūt, Fahīm Muḥammad (ed.). Ghāyat al-marām bi-akhbār salṭanat al-Balad al-Ḥarām غاية المرام بأخبار سلطنة البلد الحرام (in Arabic). 1 (1st ed.). Makkah: Jāmi‘at Umm al-Qurá, Markaz al-Baḥth al-‘Ilmī wa-Iḥyā’ al-Turāth al-Islāmī, Kullīyat al-Sharīʻah wa-al-Dirāsāt al-Islāmīyah. pp. 625–626.
Preceded by
Rajih ibn Qatadah
Emir of Mecca
May/Jun 1235 – c. 23 Feb 1238
Succeeded by
Rajih ibn Qatadah