Juhan Maaker

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Juhan Maaker
Juhan Maaker.jpg
Born (1845-03-26)26 March 1845
Muda, Hiiumaa
Died 21 September 1930(1930-09-21) (aged 85)
Muda, Hiiumaa
Nationality Estonian
Other names Torupilli-Juss
Occupation folk musician
Known for bagpipe

Juhan Maaker (26 March [O.S. 14 March] 1845 in Muda, Hiiumaa - 21 September 1930 in Muda, Hiiumaa)[1] nicknamed Torupilli-Juss was an Estonian folk musician, a player of the Estonian bagpipe. He was considered one of the most popular players at the time called the king of bagpipe players.[2]

During his lifetime Juhan Maaker performed with great success in hundreds of concert halls and became popular all over Estonia [3] and also in Finland.[4] In 1927-28 he took part of five concert tours in Estonia organized by August Pulst, an activist in promoting folk music in cooperation with the Estonian Open-Air Museum Society giving all together 244 concerts.[5]

36 pieces performed by Juhan Maakeri have been preserved and digitized from Phonograph wax cylinders found in the Estonian Literature museum.[6]

During his lifetime a sculpture of Juhan Maaker was made by the Estonian National Museum's sponsorship.[4]

After Juhan Maaker's nephew Aleksander Maaker (1890–1968) death there was only one surviving bagpipe player alive in Estonia: Olev Roomet who became the revivalist of bagpipe in the country by training 25 new players in the 1970s.[7]

In modern times bagpipe playing is a part of the curriculum at University of Tartu Viljandi Culture Academy's Traditional Music faculty and in a number of regular music schools around the country.[8]


  1. ^ (Estonian) "Sünnipäevad: 26. MÄRTS". tele2.ee. Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  2. ^ cätlin jaago (February 2005). "bagpipe "One goose makes two sounds."". Estonian Institute. Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  3. ^ Krista and Raivo Sildoja (2004). "ESTONIAN TRADITIONAL MUSIC". rahvamuusika.ee. Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  4. ^ a b (Estonian)"Muda küla". eestigiid.ee. Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  5. ^ Kristin Kuutma. "CHANGES IN FOLK CULTURE AND FOLKLORE ENSEMBLES". Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  6. ^ (Estonian)Aime Jõgi (2004-10-15). "Parimad esinejad". sakala.ee. Retrieved 18 May 2011. 
  7. ^ Tõnurist, Igor; Conservatoire royal de musique de Bruxelles. Musée instrumental (1976). "THE ESTONIAN BAGPIPE". Brussels Museum of Musical Instruments bulletin. F. Knuf. p. 53. Retrieved 16 May 2011. 
  8. ^ (Estonian) "Torupill". folk.ee. Retrieved 18 May 2011.