Jukti Takko Aar Gappo
|Jukti Takko Aar Gappo|
|Directed by||Ritwik Ghatak|
|Produced by||Rita Productions, Ritwik Ghatak|
|Written by||Ritwik Ghatak|
|Music by||Ustad Bahadur Khan|
|Edited by||Amalesh Sikdar|
Jukti Takko Aar Gappo (Jukti tôkko aːr gôppo, English: Reason, Debate and a Story) is a 1974 Bengali film directed by Ritwik Ghatak. Jukti Takko Aar Gappo was Ritwik Ghatak's last film. The film won National Film Award's Rajat Kamal Award for Best Story in 1974.
In this film Ghatak plays Nilkantha Bagchi, an alcoholic, disillusioned intellectual, in the character's own words "a humbug". After losing his wife and being forced from his home, he wanders through the countryside and meets unusual people along the way, including Bongobala, who was driven away from Bangladesh and does not have any shelter in Kolkata; he gives her shelter. He also meets Jagannath Bhattacharjee, a village school teacher of Sanskrit. Jagannath's school was closed after political killings and he came to Kolkata in search of a job. Nilkantha meets Naxalites whom he describes as the "frame of Bengal": misguided, successful and unsuccessful at the same time.
The film deals with various ideas and themes. Set against the backdrop of the first Naxalite wave of rebellion in India, the film is considered to be Ghatak's autobiographical film, an anti-climax. Ghatak himself explained, "In it [Jukti Takko Aar Gappo] the political backdrop of West Bengal from 1971 to 1972 as I saw it has been portrayed. There is no ideology. I saw it from a point of view of not a politician. I am not supposed to please a political ideology". Ghatak was aware of a complete breakdown of moral values around him, especially among the younger generation. He tried to portray these issues in this film (and also in his unfinished film Sei Vishnupriya). Ghatak, both in real life and in this film, tried to find some meaning for the political and cultural turmoil overtaking his country.
In an interview Ghatak mentioned that "The Great Mother Image" in its duality exists in every aspects of our being, and he incorporated this image into films like Meghe Dhaka Tara and Jukti Takko Aar Gappo.
- Allegorical characters
The characters in this film have been portrayed allegorically.
- Ghatak played the character of Nilkantha Bagchi, his alter ego. Nilkantha is the name of Hindu god Shiva, who drank poison that emerged from the oceans to prevent it from destroying everything in the world.
- Tripti Mitra played the role of Nilkantha Bagchi's wife Durga (influenced by Hindu goddess Durga; also according to Hindu mythology, Durga is a consort of Shiva). In an interview Ghatak described his wife Surama Ghatak as a Sati (a very pious woman, and consort of Shiva).
- Ritaban Ghatak (Ghatak's real life son) played the character of Nilkantha Bagchi's son Satya. In Sanskrit and Bengali the word Satya means "true" or "real".
- The character Nachiketa is inspired by the Hindu mythological character Nachiketa.
- The character Jagannath Bhattacharjee, a Sanskrit language teacher, has been depicted as a representative of ancient Vedic civilisation.
- Panchanan Ustad is representative of rural people, not very educated, but very rich with their own (folk) culture and heritage.
- Nilkantha Bagchi: Ritwik Ghatak
- Durga: Tripti Mitra
- Satya: Ritaban Ghatak
- Bongobala: Shaonli Mitra
- Nachiketa: Saugata Burman
- Jagannath Bhattacharjee: Bijon Bhattacharya
- Shatrujit: Utpal Dutt
- Panchanan Ustad: Gyanesh Mukherjee
- Leader of Naxalites: Ananya Ray
- Police inspector: Shyamal Ghoshal
- Alcoholic person in village: Jahor Roy
- Satindra Bhattacharya
- Tarak Chattopadhyay
- Nani Chattpadhyay
- Subrata Sensharma
- Tapan Chattopadhyay
- Munir Choudhury.
- Direction: Ritwik Ghatak
- Assistant directors: Deb Dutta, Ananya Roy, Nikhil Bhattacharya, Dilip Mukhopadhyay, Tapan Saha
- Story, screenplay, music and executive producer: Ritwik Ghatak
- Cinematography: Baby Islam
- Assistant cinematographer: Shankar Chattopadhyay, Dipak Das
- Editorial team
- Editor: Amalesh Sikdar
- Assistant: Kali Prasad Roy
- Supervisor: Ramesh Joshi
- Art direction: Rabi Chattopdahyay
- Assistant: Surath Das, Suresh Chandra Chanda, Somnath Chakraborty
- Dance choreography: Shambhu Bhattacharya
- Publicity layouts: Khaled Choudhury
- Music: Ustad Bahadur Khan
- Playback singers: Debabrata Biswas, Ranen Ray Choudhury, Arati Mukhopadhyay, Binpani Roy Choudhury
- Sound recording: Shyam Sundar Ghosh
- Keno cheye achho go Ma (singer Sushil Mallick)
- Amar onge onge ke bajaye banshi (Rabindra Sangeet)
- Namaz aamar hoilo na adaay
- Chhau dance
- Janti gachhe janti phal je
- "Jukti Takko Aar Gappo, a film so daring in its complete disregard of the very language and grammar of cinema he had mastered and developed that it is difficult to understand how it achieves its intense intimacy with the audience. It is as if the characters step out of the screen to talk to you and you are forced to respond to them, to react very sharply for or against them. The central character played by Ghatak himself parodies his real life in such a way that it compels the audience to reflect and criticise him. Perhaps this is just what Ritwik had been struggling to do through cinema all his life. Ironically, perhaps, he wanted to see that it could be achieved only through a conscious rejection of much of what has come to be accepted as the language of cinema." –Safdar Hashmi
- "In Jukti Takko Aar Gappo, the elements were presented in their new raw form — reason, argument, story, song that hunger which is the basis of human creativity. So that Ritwik calls himself a humbug a civilisation sees how it is reduced to ashes. Yet there was no nihilism; he dies pleading with those who would annihilate their compassion along with their enemy. Our heroism will find itself trapped in mechanical crossfire of gunpowder, if it refuses to nourish itself on nature and history. For Ritwik, the heroic act the ultimate and the first sacrifice, has to be the act of union."– Kumar Shahani
Screenings in different festivals
- 2017: Ritwik Ghatak Retrospective UK, at Dundee Contemporary Arts, Dundee, Scotland, UK, Programme curated by Sanghita Sen, Department of Film Studies, St Andrews University, UK 
In a 2012 poll conducted by Sight & Sound, 2 critics and 2 directors (including Amit Dutta) included the film on their respective lists of "The Greatest Films of All Time", hence making it the 322nd best film according to the Director's poll (a rank it shares with Subarnarekha).
- Ghatak, Ritwik (17 January 1987). Cinema and I. Ritwik Memorial Trust.
- Shampa Banerjee (1985). Profiles, five film-makers from India: V. Shantaram, Raj Kapoor, Mrinal Sen, Guru Dutt, Ritwik Ghatak. Directorate of Film Festivals, National Film Development Corp. ISBN 978-81-201-0007-7.
- "Jukti, Takko aar gappo". Trigon film.
- "Reason, Debate and a Story (Jukti Takko Ar Gappo)". harvard.edu. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
- Peter Schepelern (2010). Filmleksikon. Gyldendal A/S. pp. 324–. ISBN 978-87-02-04523-9. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- "Click here to find out more! Reason, Debate and a Story (1974)". New York Times. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- Aristides Gazetas (9 April 2008). An Introduction to World Cinema. McFarland. pp. 326–. ISBN 978-0-7864-3907-2. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
- Na22nd National Film Awards
- "Reason, Debate and a Story (1974) Acting Credits". New York Times. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- "Stammer, Mumble, Sweat, Scrawl, and Tic" (PDF). Raqs Media Collective. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- Bhaskar Sarkar (29 April 2009). Mourning the Nation: Indian Cinema in the Wake of Partition. Duke University Press. pp. 201–. ISBN 978-0-8223-4411-7. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
- India International Centre (1 September 2010). Water: Culture, Politics and Management. Pearson Education India. pp. 44–. ISBN 978-81-317-2671-6. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- Ghatak, Ritwik (1987). Cinema and I. Ritwik Memorial Trust.
- Ghatak, Ritwik. Cinema and I. Ritwik Memorial Trust. p. 78.
- Shampa Banerjee (1985). Profiles, five film-makers from India: V. Shantaram, Raj Kapoor, Mrinal Sen, Guru Dutt, Ritwik Ghatak. Directorate of Film Festivals, National Film Development Corp. ISBN 978-81-201-0007-7. Retrieved 20 July 2012.
- "After internship with Ghatak and flops with Prosenjit, Tapan Saha goes big with bilingual". Telegraph, Calcutta. 20 May 2009. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- "Votes for JUKTI TAKKO AR GAPPO (1974)". Retrieved 10 March 2019.