Juraj Fándly

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Juraj Fándly
Born21 October 1750
Died7 March 1811 (aged 60)

Juraj Fándly (21 October 1750 – 7 March 1811) was a Slovak writer, Catholic priest and entomologist (bee-keeper) in the Kingdom of Hungary.


He was born in Častá (Cseszte), Kingdom of Hungary into a craftsman-farmer's family. His father died soon after his birth, and mother moved to the neighbouring village of Doľany (Ompitál), where he also visited elementary school. He later studied at a Piarist gymnasium in Svätý Jur (Szentgyörgy), later studied theology in Buda (today part of Budapest) and Trnava (Nagyszombat). Due to his weak health he wasn't accepted into any religious order. In 1776 he was ordained and started working as a chaplain in Sereď (Szered) (1776), for a short time in Lukáčovce (Lakács) (1780), finally working as a priest in Naháč (Nahács) in the present-day Trnava District, from 1780 to 1807. In the meantime he also worked as a secretary in the Slovenské učené tovarišstvo (Slovak Educated Brotherhood) (1792). Later, he retired to his home back in Doľany, where he lived until his death in 1811, and composed poetry.


  • Dúverná zmlúva medzi mňíchom a ďáblom (1789) [An intimate treaty between the monk and the Devil] - the first major work in the Bernolák's Slovak language standard
  • Piľní domajší a poľní hospodár (1792-1800) [Laborious house and field farmer]
  • Zelinkár (1793) [Herbalist]
  • Príhodné a svátečné kázňe (1795-1796) [Occasional and feat sermons]
  • Compendiata historia gentis Slavae (1793) [A concise history of the Slovak nation]
  • O úhoroch a i včelách rozmlúváňí (1801) [A discussion about fallows and also about bees]
  • Slovenskí včelár (1802) [Slovak bee-keeper]

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