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K'ak'upakal, or possibly K'ak'upakal K'awiil (fl. c. 869–890) was a ruler or high-ranking officeholder at the pre-Columbian Maya site of Chichen Itza, during the latter half of the 9th century CE. The name of this ruler, alternatively written K'ahk'upakal, K'ak' Upakal or K'ak'-u-pakal, is the most widely mentioned personal name in the surviving Maya inscriptions at Chichen Itza,[1] and also appears on monumental inscriptions at other Yucatán Peninsula sites such as Uxmal. This 9th-century personage may also be the same individual with this name mentioned in some later ethnohistorical sources, such as the books of Chilam Balam.


  1. ^ Voss & Kremer (2000, p.13)


Voss, Alexander W.; H. Juergen Kremer (2000). "K'ak'-u-pakal, Hun-pik-tok' and the Kokom: The Political Organization of Chichén Itzá". In Pierre Robert Colas. The Sacred and the Profane: Architecture and Identity in the Maya Lowlands; Proceedings of the 3rd European Maya Conference, University of Hamburg, November 1998 (PDF online reproduction). Acta Mesoamericana, no. 10. Markt Schwaben, Germany: Verlag Anton Saurwein. ISBN 3-931419-04-5. OCLC 47871840.