Kafra

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Kafra
Kafra1920.jpg
Kafra well, ca 1920
Kafra is located in Mandatory Palestine
Kafra
Kafra
Arabic كفرة
Name meaning "The village"[1]
Subdistrict Baysan
Coordinates 32°35′35″N 35°29′27″E / 32.59306°N 35.49083°E / 32.59306; 35.49083Coordinates: 32°35′35″N 35°29′27″E / 32.59306°N 35.49083°E / 32.59306; 35.49083
Palestine grid 196/222
Population 430[2][3] (1945)
Area 9,172[3] dunams
Date of depopulation May 16, 1948[4]
Cause(s) of depopulation Influence of nearby town's fall

Kafra (Arabic: كفرة‎‎), was a Palestinian Arab village located 10.5 kilometres north of Baysan. Built along both sides of the Wadi Kafra, the village had been known by this name since at least the time of the Crusades.[5] It was depopulated by the Israel Defense Forces during the 1948 Palestine War on May 16, 1948.[4]

History[edit]

Adolf Neubauer connected it with a place mentioned in the Talmud, called Kefra.[6]

The Crusaders spelled it Cafra.[5]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1875, Victor Guérin visited and found many basalt ruins, but the village itself was deserted.[7]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described the village as being "a ruined village with traces of antiquity. Dr. Tristram mentions it as inhabited in 1866, and containing drafted masonry, but the ruins do not appear important."[8]

British mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the Mandatory Palestine authorities, Kafra had a population of 273; all Muslims,[9] increasing slightly in the 1931 census to 298; all Muslims except 1 Christian, in a total of 81 houses.[10]

In 1945, the population was 430 Muslims,[2] with a total of 9,172 dunams of land.[3] Of this, 36 dunams were for plantations and irrigated land, 7,284 for cereals,[11] while 18 were built-up land.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 162
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 6
  3. ^ a b c Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 43
  4. ^ a b Morris, 2004, p. xvii, village #118. Also gives cause of depopulation
  5. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p. 52
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 100
  7. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 128
  8. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 119
  9. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, p. 31
  10. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 79
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 85
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 134

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]