From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

King Kapara (also Gabara) of Guzana (Tell Halaf) was the ruler of Bit Bahiani, a small Hittite kingdom[1], in the 10th or 9th century BC (Albright 1956 estimates ca. 950-875 BC). He built Bit-hilani, a monumental palace in Neo-Hittite style discovered by Max von Oppenheim in 1911, with a rich decoration of statues and relief orthostats.

In 894 BC, the Assyrian king Adad-nirari II recorded the site in his archives as a tributary Aramaean city-state. In 808 BC the city and its surrounding area was reduced to a province of the Neo-Assyrian Empire.[citation needed]

This relief carving was found at the temple-palace of Guzana. It depicts two heroes subduing a foe. Walters Art Museum, Baltimore.


  1. ^ Anatolian Studies, Volumes 5-6. British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara. 1955. p. 82.
  • W. F. Albright, The Date of the Kapara Period at Gozan (Tell Halaf), Anatolian Studies, (1956).

External links[edit]