Kariega River

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Kariega River
Karuiga, Karuka
Kariega River is located in South Africa
Kariega River
Location of the Kariega River's mouth
Location
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceEastern Cape
TownsKenton-on-Sea
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • locationEastern Cape, South Africa
MouthIndian Ocean
 • location
Kenton-on-Sea, Eastern Cape, South Africa
 • coordinates
33°40′56″S 26°41′00″E / 33.68222°S 26.68333°E / -33.68222; 26.68333Coordinates: 33°40′56″S 26°41′00″E / 33.68222°S 26.68333°E / -33.68222; 26.68333
 • elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Length138 km (86 mi)
Basin size685 km2 (264 sq mi)
Discharge 
 • locationKenton-on-Sea

Kariega River (Afrikaans: Kariegarivier) is a river located in the Eastern Cape province, South Africa. It is an intermittent water course that reaches the ocean through an estuary.[1]

This river rises 24 km west of Grahamstown and gives its name to Kariega Park.

Origin of the name[edit]

The Steenbok or Kariega antelope

Cave paintings found near the river depict various animals, including Steenbok, and various objects such as the Swartberg sailing ship.

There are numerous instances of animals being depicted in caves situated in habitat entirely unsuited to them. (Such as the Swartberg ship, even though the ship itself would have been 100km from sea).

The original inhabitants of much of the Cape were the Khoikhoi. Their descendants are still in the area, however their language is only spoken in parts of the Northern Cape.

There are still plenty of Khoikhoi words in everyday use in the country. In the Cape Khoikhoi words are most often encountered in the form of place names, examples being Knysna – meaning 'ferns' - a town on the Garden Route, Cango Caves – Cango being the Khoikhoi for 'wet mountain', and Kariega Park, situated beside the Kariega River.

It is uncertain why this particular Kariega River acquired its name, or what it means, but although one will not see a Steenbok occurring naturally in the area of the Kariega Park, the name is typical of the Cape, has connections with the earliest people to inhabit the area, and is the name of one of its most charming and graceful small buck.

Other Kariega Rivers[edit]

There are another three Kariega Rivers in the Eastern Cape.

The Kariega and the Beervlei Dam[edit]

A Kariega River flows into the Beervlei Dam which is situated north of Willowmore. The name of this river has appeared in a variety of forms, including Karuiga and Karuka and this has led the experts to believe that in this case the Kariega should in fact be one of these earlier forms and that it refers to 'buffalo'. After all the earliest European settlers in the area referred to the river as the Buffels - Buffalo. However, various sources, basing their argument not on linguistics, but on the incidence of the antelope in the vicinity, have stated that the name means 'Steenbok'.

The Kariega and the Sundays River[edit]

Then there is the Kariega River that is a tributary of the Sundays River.[2] For much of its length it flows through an area known as the Steenbok Flats, and on which there is a farm named Kariega. Steenbok were frequently found in this area, and are not unknown today. For this reason, and on the strength of linguistics, the experts believe that in this case Kariega does mean Steenbok.

The Kariega and the Great Fish River[edit]

The Great Fish River also has as one of its tributaries a Kariega River, the source of which is in the mountains some 20 km north of Somerset East. There are no historical records of Steenbok in this area, but the river flows through countryside that is typical of that favoured by this small buck, so there is no reason to doubt that in this instance Kariega also stands for 'Steenbok'.

References[edit]

External links[edit]