Karl Přibram

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Karl Přibram (22 December 1877 – 15 July 1973), also known as “Karl Pribram”, was an Austrian-born economist. He is most noted for his work in labor economics, in industrial organization, and in the history of economic thought.

Přibram analyzed post-scholastic economic thought into three competing traditions:

Karl Pribram died in Washington, D.C., in 1973.

His papers are held in the German and Jewish Intellectual Émigré Collection of the M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives of the libraries of the University at Albany, the State University of New York.



  • Lohnschutz des gewerblichen Arbeiters nach österreichischem Recht (1904)
  • Normalarbeitstag in den gewerblichen Betrieben und im Bergbaue Österreichs (1906)
  • Entstehung der individualistischen Sozialphilosophie (1912)
  • Probleme der internationalen Arbeitsstatistik (1925)
  • Unification of Social Insurance (1925)
  • “World-unemployment and Its Problems” in Unemployment as a world-problem (1931) by John Maynard Keynes, Karl Pribram, and E.J. Phelan; edited by Philip Quincy Wright
  • “Equilibrium concept and business cycle statistics” (1934), Institut International de statistique, 22nd section, London.
  • Cartel Problems; an Analysis of Collective Monopolies in Europe with American Application (1935)
  • Social Insurance in Europe and Social Security in the United States: a Comparative Analysis (1937)
  • Merit Rating and Unemployment Compensation (1937)
  • Principles Underlying Disqualifications for Benefits in Unemployment Compensation (1938)
  • Foreign Trade Policy of Austria (1945)
  • Conflicting Patterns of Thought (1949)
  • “Patterns of Economic Reasoning” in American Economic Review vol. 43 (2), Supplement (1953)
  • A History of Economic Reasoning (1983, posthumous and incomplete) published by the Johns Hopkins University Press


  • Perlman, Mark. “Perceptions of our Discipline: Three Magisterial Treatments of the Evolution of Economic Thought”, Presidential Address to HES, Bulletin of the History of Economics Society, Vol. 7, No 2 (1985).
  • Perlman, Mark. “An Essay on Karl Pribram's a History of Economic Reasoning”, Revue économique, vol. 38 (1987) #1 (January), pp. 171–6.