Katherine Mansfield House and Garden
|Katherine Mansfield House and Garden|
|Town or city||25 Tinakori Road, Wellington|
|Design and construction|
Katherine Mansfield House and Garden (formerly known as Katherine Mansfield Birthplace) was the home of Katherine Mansfield, a prominent New Zealand author. The building, located in Thorndon, Wellington, is classified as a "Category I" historic place by Heritage New Zealand.
Construction and layout
The house was built during an economic depression in 1888 by Mansfield's father, Harold Beauchamp, and was most likely built to a builder's plan. The site was leasehold. Conditions of the lease required any house on the site to be placed more than 10 feet from Tinakori Road and of a value exceeding £400. The freehold belonged to the then new baronet, Sir Charles Clifford.
The two-storey house measures 9.1 metres (30 ft) wide and 12.1 metres (40 ft) long. The ground or lower floor has a drawing room, dining room, bathroom, kitchen, scullery, and lean-to. On the first or upper floor there are four bedrooms and a night nursery.:12
Mansfield's family moved into the house in 1888. She was born on October 14, a few months after the move. The initial occupants were her parents; her two sisters, Vera and Charlotte; two aunts, Belle and Kitty, from her mother's side; and her grandmother, Mrs Dyer. With a servant also on the premises, the living space was crowded.
The Beauchamp family moved in 1893 to a more spacious house in then-rural Karori, Chesney Wold. As well as more space for the family of seven (Harold was the only male), the city had many deaths from infectious diseases like typhoid from the mid-1880s because of poor sanitation with sewage collected in open drains to the harbour. Harold wrote that the shift was made for the benefit not only of the children's health but also my own.  Their 11-week old daughter Gwendoline died of cholera in 1891, one of 104 epidemic deaths that year.
Mansfield drew on memories of her childhood home in her short stories "Prelude" (and subsequent novel, The Aloe); "A Birthday"; "The Doll’s House", and "The Wind Blows". Mansfield described the house as "[a] dark little cubby hole" and "[a] horrid little piggy house".
Harold Beauchamp owned the house until 1929. While there were many occupants and families in the house during this period, the most notable was Dr. Frederick Truby King, founder of the Plunket Society. He lived in the house from 1921 to 1924, during which time he was appointed the Director of Child Welfare in the Department of Health.:8
The house was sold to Edward Pearce, grandson of the Wellington MP of the same name. By mid-century it was divided into two rundown flats. Wellington writer/journalist Pat Lawlor wrote of the rundown state of this house and of Chesney Wold their Karori house in 1958; both then divided into flats. It should be noted that State Highway 1 passes the immediate back of the house deep in a trench.[note 1] Once discussions began in the 1950s the house and its surroundings, along with much of this select part of Thorndon, suffered "motorway blight". The Society bought the house after the death of the 91-year-old resident, Mrs Edward Pearce, in 1985.
Katherine Mansfield Birthplace Society
The Katherine Mansfield Birthplace Society—founded in 1986 by art historian Oroya Day, Peter Young, and the architect James Beard—purchased the property in 1987. In the late 1980s, the society restored the house to its original condition, undertaking considerable research and relying on Mansfield's own descriptions as well as photographs and "archeological and architectural analyses". The house and its garden are open to the public.
- Yska, Redmer (2017). A Strange Beautiful Excitement: Katherine Mansfield’s Wellington 1888-1903. Dunedin: Otago University Press. ISBN 978-0-947522-54-4.
- ". . . beyond the yard a deep gully filled with tree ferns . . ." The Aloe
- Yska 2017, p. 36.
- Cochran, Chris (2011). Katherine Mansfield Birthplace: Conservation Plan.
- Boddy, Gillian (1996). Katherine Mansfield: A 'Do You Remember' Life. Wellington: Victoria University Press. p. 8. ISBN 086473297X.
- "About Katherine Mansfield House". Katherine Mansfield House & Garden. Retrieved 2017-12-18.
- Maclean, Chris (21 September 2011). "Chesney Wold". Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 31 March 2012.
- Yska 2017, pp. 57-66.
- Yska 2017, pp. 49-51.
- "Katherine Mansfield: 1888–1923". Katherine Mansfield Birthplace Te Puakitanga. Archived from the original on 2008-10-14.
- "Katherine Mansfield Birthplace". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand. Retrieved 2009-12-21.
- Yska 2017, pp. 41,114.