New Zealand State Highway 1

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State Highway 1 NZ.svg

State Highway 1
Route information
Maintained by New Zealand Transport Agency
Length: 2,047 km (1,272 mi)
Twin Coast Discovery Highway
Thermal Explorer Highway
Classic New Zealand Wine Trail
Alpine Pacific Triangle
Southern Scenic Route
Major junctions
North end: Cape Reinga
South end: Bluff
Whangarei, North Shore, Auckland, Manukau, Hamilton, Taupo, Porirua, Wellington, Picton, Blenheim, Christchurch, Ashburton, Timaru, Oamaru, Dunedin, Gore, Invercargill
Highway system
SH 99 SH 2

State Highway 1 (SH 1) is the longest and most significant road in the New Zealand roading network, running the length of both main islands. It appears on road maps as SH 1 and on road signs as a white number 1 on a red shield, but it has the official designations SH 1N in the North Island, SH 1S in the South Island.

SH 1 is 2047 km long, 1106 km in the North Island and 941 km in the South Island. For most of its length it is a two-lane single carriageway, with at-grade intersections and property accesses, in both rural and urban areas. These sections have some passing lanes. There are sections of motorway in the vicinity of Auckland, Hamilton, Wellington, Christchurch and Dunedin.


North Island (SH 1N)[edit]

SH 1 starts at Cape Reinga, at the northwestern tip of the Aupouri Peninsula, and since April 2010 has been sealed (mainly with either chipseal or asphalt) for its entire length.[1] From Waitiki Landing south of Cape Reinga, SH 1 travels down the central-eastern side of the peninsula to Kaitaia, New Zealand's northernmost town, before turning south-east across the North Auckland Peninsula on to Kawakawa in the Bay of Islands, and then south to the city of Whangarei, the largest urban area in Northland.

SH 1 then skirts the south-western Whangarei Harbour, nearing the coast briefly at Ruakaka, before proceeding down to wind through the Brynderwyn Hills before approaching the upper reaches of the Kaipara Harbour. The highway crosses into the Auckland Region, and passes through Wellsford and Warkworth, again heading for the east coast.

Near Puhoi, on the Hibiscus Coast, SH 1 becomes the Auckland Northern Motorway, the main road north of New Zealand's largest urban area. The first 7 km of the motorway is an automated toll road, with the toll being NZ$2.30 each way for cars and motorcycles and $4.70 for trucks.[2] At Orewa, the motorway becomes toll-free, crossing farmland to North Shore City, the northern of Auckland's four former cities. The road crosses through suburbs to the Waitemata Harbour, which it briefly follows before crossing it by the Auckland Harbour Bridge, New Zealand's second-longest and most widely recognised road bridge. The motorway comes off the bridge into Auckland's city centre, and forms its western boundary as SH 1 proceeds to the Central Motorway Junction.

At this junction (also known as Spaghetti Junction), SH 1 becomes the Auckland Southern Motorway, and, after sweeping around the southern end of central Auckland, proceeds in a south-easterly direction. The section from the Central Motorway Junction and the Newmarket Viaduct, 3 km to the south, is the country's busiest section of road, with more than 200,000 vehicle movements a day between Khyber Pass Road and Gillies Ave.[3] The motorway continues in a broadly southeast direction through southern Auckland city, through Manukau City and Papakura, to the top of the Bombay Hills, just short of the Auckland/Waikato boundary.

At Bombay, SH 1 becomes the Waikato Expressway, a four-lane dual-carriageway expressway. The expressway takes the highway down the Bombay Hills to Mercer, where SH 1 meets the Waikato River which it follows for the next 130 km. The Waikato Expressway temporarily ends at Longswamp and becomes a three-laned dual carriageway, resuming south of Rangiriri before reverting to single carriageway just south of Ohinewai. A $650 million project is underway to upgrade the existing Longswamp to Rangiriri section, and to extend the expressway from Ohinewai to Taupiri and from Horotiu to just south of Cambridge.

SH 1 runs as a single carriageway through Huntly to Taupiri, where the Waikato Expressway resumes. The expressway ends in north-western Hamilton, New Zealand's largest inland and fourth-largest city. The highway bypasses the city centre to the west, before crossing to the east side and proceeding south-east out of the city. The expressway resumes at Tamahere, bypassing Cambridge to the north before terminating back to a single carriageway east of the town.

SH 1 continues along the shore of Lake Karapiro, the last of eight artificial lakes on the Waikato River. At Piarere, SH 1 leaves the actual Waikato River, but continues to follow in its general direction. The highway continues to the town of Tirau, where it turns south to pass through Putaruru and Tokoroa and the surrounding pine forest area.

SH 1 meets the Waikato River again at Wairakei, where it crosses the river and takes an eastern course around the town of Taupo to meet Lake Taupo, the Waikato's source and the largest lake in New Zealand, south of the town. SH 1 followed the eastern shore of the lake for 50 km to Turangi, at the southern end of the lake.

Turning southwards again, SH 1 leaves Turangi and ascends onto the North Island Volcanic Plateau, passing through the fringes of the Tongariro National Park and into the Rangipo Desert, passing the volcanoes of Ruapehu, Ngauruhoe and Tongariro. The road between Rangipo (10 km south of Turangi) and Waiouru is commonly known as the Desert Road, and is frequently closed by snow during winter. At km 794 on the Desert Road, SH 1 is 1,074 metres (3,524 ft) above sea level - the highest point on the New Zealand State Highway network.[4] SH 1 enters the Manawatu-Wanganui Region, and descends through an army training area to the end of the Desert Road at Waiouru.

From Waiouru, the highway follows tributaries of the Rangitikei River through Taihape to Mangaweka, where the highway meets the river. It then followes the western bank of the Rangitikei through Ohingaiti and Hunterville to Bulls. At Bulls, SH 1 turns southeast to cross the river, turning southwest again 5 km down the road at Sanson. SH 1 crosses the Manawatu Plain, passing the city of Palmerston North about 20 km west of it. It passes through Foxton, before reaching the end of the plain at Levin.

From Levin, SH 1 follows the narrowing western coastal plain southwards, and crosses into the Wellington Region 15 km south of Levin. The road passes through Otaki and Waikanae to the main town of the Kapiti Coast, Paraparaumu. The highway is dotted with a large number of satellite towns and villages, and combined with the narrowness of the road, difficult terrain, and the high traffic flow, the stretch of highway between Levin and Paraparaumu is an area of considerable congestion and a high number of accidents.

From Paraparaumu, the road is briefly a four-laned dual carriageway to Mackays Crossing, returning to a two-laned single carriageway and passing through Paekakariki. Between Paekakariki and Pukerua Bay, SH 1 and the North Island Main Trunk rail line travel along a narrow strip of land between the hills and the sea. The Centennial Highway, as it is known, is a narrow two-lane road that was highly accident prone until a centreline wire rope crash barrier was installed. Travelling through Pukerua Bay, the road becomes dual carriageway once more to Plimmerton, narrowing to single carriageway off peak and dual carriageway at peak, through the northern suburbs of Porirua to Paremata. This section between Mackays Crossing and Porirua is planned to be relieved by the billion-dollar inland Transmission Gully Motorway, scheduled to be completed by 2020.

At Paremata, SH 1 resumes as dual carriageway along the edge of the Porirua Harbour to Porirua city centre. At Porirua, the highway becomes the Johnsonville-Porirua Motorway, and travels into the northern suburbs of Wellington, New Zealand's capital city. The motorway ends at Johnsonville, and SH 1 descends through the Ngauranga Gorge to the Ngauranga Interchange, on the shore of Wellington Harbour. At the interchange, traffic leaves for the Cook Strait ferries to Picton and the South Island. Ferry services operate frequently to allow vehicular, passenger, and rail traffic to access the South Island. There have been calls for the ferries to be classified as part of the State Highway network, in the belief that this would increase the Government's powers to intervene and keep them running at times of industrial action.

At Ngauranga, SH 1 becomes the Wellington Urban Motorway, skirting the shore of the harbour then passing the city centre to the west. The motorway ends at Te Aro, where a one-way system takes traffic to the Basin Reserve. Northbound traffic uses the recently opened Wellington Inner City Bypass, while southbound traffic uses Vivian Street. From the Basin Reserve, SH 1 travels through the Mount Victoria Tunnel to Wellington's eastern suburbs and Wellington International Airport. SH 1 ends at a roundabout at the entrance to the airport.

South Island (SH 1S)[edit]

From the Picton ferry terminal, SH 1 is steep, crossing a saddle into the valley of the Tuamarina River. It descends alongside this river and across the Wairau Plain before reaching Blenheim. From Blenheim the road travels briefly through some of Marlborough's famous vineyards, then passes the lower slopes of the steep Kaikoura Ranges where the road has occasional glimpses of the sea to the east over Lake Grassmere. This stretch is one of the most scenic, with the Pacific Ocean on one side and 2500 m peaks on the other. From the small town of Ward the highway heads to the coast and follows it to Kaikoura. After passing Kaikoura, it veers inland, twisting tortuously through the Hundalee Ranges before emerging at the northern end of the Canterbury Plains.

SH 1 passes through Amberley and Woodend before becoming the Christchurch Northern Motorway and bypassing Kaiapoi to the west. The motorway crosses the Waimakariri River and ends just north of Belfast. SH 1 bypasses inner Christchurch to the north-west via the outer suburbs of Harewood, past the Christchurch International Airport, and Yaldhurst. At Hornby, the highway turns south-west and passes through Templeton and Rolleston.

South of Rolleston, SH 1 becomes virtually straight as it crosses the wide fan of the Canterbury plains, crossing the country's longest road bridge at Rakaia before reaching Ashburton, and then veering back towards the coast, which it reaches at Timaru. Between Ashburton and Timaru it crosses Rangitata Island in the Rangitata River.

South of Timaru, the road again passes through gentle hill country, staying close to the coast but largely out of sight of it. The road veers inland briefly, bypassing Waimate as it reaches the plains around the mouth of the Waitaki River, which it crosses to enter Otago. It passes through Oamaru, from where it turns inland briefly, crossing undulating hill country before again reaching the coast at Moeraki. From here the road again hugs the coast along Katiki Beach, remaining closer to the ocean than at any point since Kaikoura. The highway turns inland at Shag Point, passing through Palmerston and Waikouaiti.

South of Waikouaiti the road again becomes steep, rising sharply over the Kilmog hill before dropping down to the coast at Blueskin Bay, then rising again via Dunedin-Waitati Highway (a two- to four-lane carriageway which used to be designated a motorway) to the northern outskirts of Dunedin. From here it descends a steep, twisting stretch of Pine Hill Road through Pine Hill, before passing the University of Otago and heading through the city centre. For much of its route through Central Dunedin the highway is split into two separate northbound and southbound roads, part of the city's one-way street system. These roads traverse the central city 2-3 blocks southeast of the heart of the CBD. At the southern end of central Dunedin, the highway becomes the Caversham By-pass, which rises along the Caversham Valley before again becoming a motorway at the saddle of Lookout Point.

The four-lane motorway (Dunedin Southern Motorway) runs through Dunedin's southern suburbs until the interchange with SH 87 at Mosgiel. SH 1 then heads southwest across the Taieri Plains. The area between the Taieri and Waipori Rivers is flood-prone, and the highway crosses this on a major embankment known colloquially as the flood-free highway. SH 1 continues through gentle hill country and along the shore of Lake Waihola, then crosses the Tokomairiro Plains into Milton. South of Milton is a major junction with SH 8 at Clarksville Junction. SH 1 continues to cross rolling hill country to reach Balclutha.

From Balclutha, the highway turns west, veering briefly north as it heads inland to avoid the rough hills of The Catlins. It passes through the small town of Clinton before reaching the major provincial town of Gore. Because of the names of these two towns, this stretch of the highway was christened "The Presidential Highway" during the time of the Clinton-Gore administration in the United States. At Gore the highway crosses the Mataura River; from here the road again turns south to roughly follow the river. The highway passes through Mataura before turning west at Edendale. Many travellers choose to turn onto SH 93 at Clinton, as this route offers a shorter journey between Clinton and Mataura and bypasses Gore. Over its last stretch the road veers southwest before reaching the city of Invercargill. In central Invercargill it meets the southern end of SH 6 and turns due south, skirting the estuary of the New River and Bluff Harbour. It passes through the small town of Bluff before reaching its terminus at Stirling Point, a kilometre south of Bluff. A commemorative signpost at Stirling Point indicates distances to major world centres and to the start of the highway at Picton.

Spur sections[edit]

SH 1N has one spur, SH 1B from SH 1N at Taupiri to SH 1N at Cambridge, providing an eastern bypass of Hamilton.

SH 1S has one spur, SH 1D in Dunedin's southern suburbs, from SH 1S interchange at Abbotsford, passing through the suburbs of Sunnyvale and Fairfield before joining SH 1S at the Saddle Hill interchange. SH 1D was the former route of State Highway 1 before the completion of the Fairfield bypass motorway in 2003. It is a State Highway on paper only - it is not signposted as a State Highway, and it appears as a local arterial road on maps.

Road conditions[edit]

SH 1 has varied road conditions. For most of its length it is a two-lane single carriageway road with at-grade intersections and access, sealed with chipseal in rural areas or asphalt in urban and high-traffic areas. The highway has frequent passing lanes on these sections, to allow traffic to pass other vehicles safely.

Parts of the road are steep by international standards. Most steep sections having a combination of passing lanes (uphill), and crawler lanes or stopping bays (downhill) to allow heavy and slow vehicles to pull out of the way to let other vehicles pass.

NZTA announced in September 2010 that it was replacing the last three fords on SH 1S. The shingle fan fords are near Kaikoura, and while generally being dry, on about 28 days a year state highway traffic used to detour around them due to high water levels on old single-lane bridges, leading to delays on a major freight route. With the detour bridges reaching the end of their lifespan, NZTA replaced the fords with culverts.[5]

Route changes[edit]

The route north of Wellington known as the Centennial Highway from Ngauranga to Paekakariki was started in 1936 and opened on 4 November 1939.[6]

Since Transit New Zealand took control of State Highways in 1989, SH 1's route has changed in some places.

Construction of motorways has diverted the route in many places. A large section of SH 1N via Orewa, Dairy Flat and central Albany was bypassed between Silverdale and Albany in 1999 and 2009 by extensions of the Auckland Northern Motorway. The former route was re-designated SH 17, but this designation was revoked shortly after. The extension of the Dunedin Southern Motorway has also seen changes in the highway, notably to bypass the suburbs of Fairfield and Sunnyvale.

In Hamilton, SH 1N originally ran through the city centre rather than via Frankton. The original route was via Te Rapa Road, Ulster Street, Victoria Street, Bridge Street and Cobham Drive, which is now Hamilton Urban Route 4. The current highway was diverted via Avalon Drive, Greenwood Street, Kahikatea Drive and Normandy Avenue. Continued improvements have meant SH 1N now bypasses a number of small towns in the northern Waikato.

In Porirua, north of Mana, in the 1990s an inland realignment was made and the road four-laned to just south of Pukerua Bay.

In Christchurch, SH 1S originally ran via the city centre rather than around the outskirts via Harewood. The original route was via Main North Road, Cranford Street, Sherborne Street, Bealey Avenue, Madras and Gasson Streets (north)/Barbadoes Street and Waltham Road (south), Brougham Street, the Christchurch Southern Arterial Motorway, Curletts Road, Blenheim Road, and Main South Road. The section from the Queen Elizabeth II Drive to Brougham Street is now a local road, while the remainder of the route forms parts of SH 74 and 76.

Re-routing also occurred in Whangarei and Timaru, removing SH 1 from their city centres. The original route through Whangarei via Kamo Road, Bank Street, Water Street and Maunu Road was diverted via Western Hills Drive, while the original route through Timaru via Stafford and King Streets was diverted via Theodosia Street and Craigie Avenue.

Most recently, the Taupo Bypass was constructed shifting the original SH 1 from the township and lakeside to the eastern outskirts of Taupo. The bypass starts at Wairakei near the existing SH 1/SH 5 intersection and finishes to the north of Taupo Airport. The concurrency with SH 5 also follows part of the bypass.

In the southern South Island, several particularly twisting sections of SH 1S have been rebuilt to remove sharp bends and to generally improve road conditions. These include stretches at Normanby, near Timaru; Waianakarua; at Tumai, near Palmerston; and on the Dunedin Northern Motorway near Waitati. An extensive section between Allanton and the Taieri River was realigned during the 1970s.

Former spurs[edit]

SH 1A ran from Orewa to Silverdale. When the Northern Gateway Toll Road opened, part of SH 1A was incorporated into SH 1N and the rest had its highway status revoked.

SH 1F was the name previously given to the northernmost section of SH 1N – between Cape Reinga and the junction with SH 10. This section is no longer a spur and is now part of SH 1N.

Future projects[edit]

State Highway 1 has been earmarked for several motorway projects most of which have surfaced from the National governments Roads of National Significance package announced in 2009.


The most controversial project is the Puhoi to Wellsford highway (Ara Tūhono) motorway.[7] This is also referred to as the "Holiday Highway" as the current SH 1 becomes heavily congested in holiday periods from holidaymakers travelling to and from Auckland in the summer holiday season and public holiday weekends. At this stage NZTA are investigating the section from Puhoi to Warkworth section, with no funding yet approved, and it is likely the extended section to Wellsford will not be looked at for some time to come.

Many ideas have come forth to create a Second Harbour Crossing over Waitemata Harbour to complement the aging Auckland Harbour Bridge.[8] These include ideas for a second bridge, or a second tunnel with capacity for rail. At this stage, any meaningful progress is unlikely until at least 2025.[9]


The Waikato Expressway has been under construction for much of the previous ten years, with most of the nine sections now funded or commencing construction. The Cambridge[10] section which sees SH 1 bypass the township to the north was completed in late 2015. Two of the remaining sections, also the two largest began or are due to begin in 2015. These are the Huntly[11] section which bypasses Huntly to the east of the township and the Hamilton[12] section, bypassing the city of Hamilton to the east. The final sections are estimated to be completed in 2020 meaning SH 1 from Puhoi (north of Auckland) to south of Cambridge will be entirely motorway or expressway, significantly reducing travel time through the Waikato Region by up to 35 minutes.

When the expressway is complete this will significantly alter the course of SH 1 and relocate the termini of connecting state highways SH 3, 23 and 26.


As part of the Roads of National Significance package, there are plans to upgrade SH 1 from south of Levin to Wellington Airport. Three expressway sections are planned, which are Peka Peka to Ōtaki,[13] Mackays to Peka Peka[14] and the highly controversial Transmission Gully Motorway[15] which connects Mackays to Linden bypassing much of Porirua City.

Many inner city Wellington projects are also planned for SH 1 including duplication of the Terrace Tunnel and Mt Victoria tunnels. However these projects look uncertain as another planned project, the Basin Reserve Flyover failed to obtain the necessary resource consents and an appeal was rejected in the High Court.[16]


On 27 January 2016, Prime Minister John Key announced advanced funding for a new bridge crossing the Opawa River just north of Blenheim, which will supersede the narrow bridge that currently exists. Also to be replaced in the near future is the Wairau River bridge near Tuamarina.[17]


NZTA are currently constructing the Western Belfast Bypass, a spur from the Christchurch Northern Motorway that will carry SH 1 traffic away from Belfast. Belfast is a significant congestion point on the northern corridor so the bypass will help relieve congestion for motorists traveling into Christchurch via Main North Road and also via SH 74 to the Lyttelton Port. The Western Belfast Bypass will be built to motorway status as far as the Groynes and is expected to be completed in 2018.[18]

SH 1 to the west of Christchurch along Johns Road, Russley Road, Masham Road and Carmen Road is also being upgraded to four lanes from the Groynes to Main South Road in Hornby. Some sections have already been completed while the remaining sections are currently under construction. A grade separated interchange will also be build at the intersection of Memorial Avenue, the thoroughfare which connects the city to Christchurch International Airport.[19] SH 1 traffic will travel underneath Memorial Avenue.

NZTA are also investigating extending the Christchurch Northern Motorway so that it bypasses the town of Woodend.[20]

Major junctions[edit]

North Island (SH 1N)[edit]

Territorial authority Location km Destinations Notes
Far North District Cape Reinga 0 SH 1 begins
34°25′45″S 172°40′54″E / 34.42928°S 172.681582°E / -34.42928; 172.681582 (Start of SH 1N)
Awanui 104 State Highway 10 NZ.svg SH 10/Twin Coast Discovery HighwayDoubtless Bay, Bay of Islands SH 10/Twin Coast Discovery Highway concurrency begins.
Originally the start of SH 1. The highway north of here was SH 1F.
Kaitaia 112 Twin Coast Discovery Highway
South Road – Town Centre, Ahipara
SH 1/Twin Coast Discovery Highway concurrency ends
Ohaeawai 190 State Highway 12 NZ.svg SH 12Kaikohe, Dargaville
Pakaraka 198 State Highway 10 NZ.svg SH 10Kerikeri, Bay of Islands, Doubtless Bay
Kawakawa 211 State Highway 11 NZ.svg SH 11/Twin Coast Discovery Highway – Bay of Islands, Paihia SH 1/Twin Coast Discovery Highway concurrency begins
Whangarei District Whangarei 266 State Highway 14 NZ.svg SH 14Dargaville
Ruakaka 292 State Highway 15a NZ.svg SH 15AMarsden Point Roundabout
Waipu 303 Twin Coast Discovery Highway – Waipu, Mangawhai Heads SH 1/Twin Coast Discovery Highway concurrency ends
Kaipara District Brynderwyn 319 State Highway 12 NZ.svg SH 12/Twin Coast Discovery Highway – Dargaville SH 1/Twin Coast Discovery Highway concurrency begins
Auckland Te Hana 339 Twin Coast Discovery HighwayTomarata, Mangawhai
Wellsford 346 State Highway 16 NZ.svg SH 16/Twin Coast Discovery HighwayHelensville, Port Albert
Puhoi 388 Twin Coast Discovery Highway – Auckland (via Waiwera) Formerly SH 17. Toll-free route south
SH 1/Twin Coast Discovery Highway concurrency ends
Motorway begins nz -vector.svg SH 1 becomes Auckland Northern Motorway
Orewa 393 Toll point
Silverdale 398 Hibiscus Coast Highway Formerly SH 17. Toll-free route north
Dairy Flat Highway/Albany Expressway (south) Formerly SH 17
Albany 412 Albany Expressway/Dairy Flat Highway (north)
Greville Road – Browns Bay, Massey University, Albany
Formerly SH 17
Unsworth Heights 414 State Highway 18 NZ.svg SH 18 Upper Harbour Highway – Greenhithe, Waitakere, Mairangi Bay
Northcote Point 423 Auckland Harbour Bridge over Waitemata Harbour
Auckland CBD 426 Motorway begins nz -vector.svg Auckland Northern Motorway becomes Auckland Southern Motorway
State Highway 16 NZ.svg SH 16 Motorway begins nz -vector.svg Northwest MotorwayPort, Waitakere, Helensville Southbound exit and northbound entrance
428 State Highway 16 NZ.svg SH 16 Motorway begins nz -vector.svg Northwest Motorway west – Waitakere, Helensville Northbound exit and southbound entrance
429 State Highway 16 NZ.svg SH 16 Motorway begins nz -vector.svg Northwest Motorway east – Port Northbound exit and southbound entrance
Manukau CBD 449 State Highway 20 NZ.svg Motorway begins nz -vector.svg SH 20 Southwestern Motorway – Manukau, Airport
Drury 461 State Highway 22 NZ.svg SH 22 – Drury, Pukekohe
Bombay 471 Mill Road - Pukekohe
Auckland Southern Motorway becomes Expressway begins nz -vector.svg Waikato Expressway
Waikato District Pokeno 477 State Highway 2 NZ.svg SH 2Tauranga, Coromandel Peninsula 37°13′49″S 175°00′57″E / 37.230257°S 175.015769°E / -37.230257; 175.015769 (SH 1/SH 2 interchange (Pokeno))
Ohinewai 509 Waikato Expressway ends
Taupiri 527 State Highway 1b NZ.svg SH 1B – Gordonton, Cambridge
Horotiu 539 Waikato River
543 State Highway 39 NZ.svg SH 39 Koura Drive – Te Rapa, Raglan, Otorohanga Alternative route to New Plymouth, bypassing Hamilton
Hamilton City Frankton 552 State Highway 23 NZ.svg SH 23 Massey Street – Dinsdale, Raglan
Melville 553 State Highway 3 NZ.svg SH 3 Ohaupo Road – Waitomo Caves, New Plymouth 37°48′30″S 175°16′50″E / 37.808279°S 175.2805149°E / -37.808279; 175.2805149 (SH 1/SH 3 intersection (Hamilton))
555 Cobham Bridge over Waikato River
Riverlea 556 State Highway 26 NZ.svg SH 26Coromandel Peninsula
Waikato District Tamahere 560 State Highway 21 NZ.svg SH 21Tamahere, Matangi, Airport, Mystery Creek
Waipa District Cambridge 574 State Highway 1b NZ.svg SH 1B – Taupiri
Matamata-Piako District District contains no major junctions
Piarere 594 State Highway 29 NZ.svg SH 29Tauranga Intersection lies on the border between the two districts
South Waikato District
Tirau 605 State Highway 27 NZ.svg SH 27 – Coromandel Peninsula, Tauranga, Matamata
607 State Highway 5 NZ.svg SH 5/Thermal Explorer HighwayRotorua Roundabout
SH 1/Thermal Explorer Highway concurrency ends
37°59′06″S 175°46′04″E / 37.9849°S 175.767689°E / -37.9849; 175.767689 (SH 1/SH 5 intersection (Tirau))
Putaruru 613 State Highway 28 NZ.svg SH 28 – Rotorua, Tauranga
Tokoroa 638 State Highway 32 NZ.svg SH 32Te Kuiti
Upper Atiamuri 657 State Highway 30 NZ.svg SH 30 east – Rotorua, Whakatane SH 1/SH 30 concurrency begins
Atiamuri 663 State Highway 30 NZ.svg SH 30 west – Te Kuiti SH 1/SH 30 concurrency ends
Waikato River
Taupo District Wairakei 695 State Highway 5 NZ.svg SH 5/Thermal Explorer Highway – Rotorua
Wairakei Drive – Taupo
SH 1/SH 5/Thermal Explorer Highway concurrency begins
38°37′24″S 176°05′59″E / 38.62344°S 176.09970°E / -38.62344; 176.09970 (SH 1/SH 5 intersection (Wairakei))
Taupo 696 Waikato River
706 State Highway 5 NZ.svg SH 5/Thermal Explorer Highway Napier Road – Napier
Napier Road – Taupo
SH 1/SH 5/Thermal Explorer Highway concurrency ends
38°42′16″S 176°06′43″E / 38.70446°S 176.11198°E / -38.70446; 176.11198 (SH 1/SH 5 intersection (Taupo))
710 Lake Terrace – Taupo
Turangi 753 State Highway 41 NZ.svg SH 41Taumarunui, National Park
Rangipo 763 State Highway 46 NZ.svg SH 46 – National Park Desert Road begins
Desert Road 794 Desert Road Summit
1,074 m (3,524 ft)
39°17′35″S 175°44′29″E / 39.293192°S 175.741339°E / -39.293192; 175.741339 (Desert Road Summit)
Ruapehu District
Waiouru 815 State Highway 49 NZ.svg SH 49Ohakune, National Park Desert Road ends
Rangitikei District Vinegar Hill 885 State Highway 54 NZ.svg SH 54Feilding
Bulls 925 State Highway 3 NZ.svg SH 3Wanganui SH 1/SH 3 concurrency begins
40°10′28″S 175°23′04″E / 40.174577°S 175.38431°E / -40.174577; 175.38431 (SH 1/SH 3 intersection (Bulls))
927 Rangitikei River
Manawatu District Sanson 931 State Highway 3 NZ.svg SH 3Palmerston North SH 1/SH 3 concurrency ends
40°13′13″S 175°25′27″E / 40.220158°S 175.424151°E / -40.220158; 175.424151 (SH 1/SH 3 intersection (Sanson))
Horowhenua District 966 Manawatu River
Ohau 985 State Highway 57 NZ.svg SH 57 – Palmerston North
Kapiti Coast District District contains no major junctions
Porirua City Paramata 1050 State Highway 58 NZ.svg SH 58Whitby, Hutt Valley Roundabout
Porirua CBD 1055 SH 1 becomes Motorway begins nz -vector.svg Johnsonville-Porirua Motorway
Wellington City Johnsonville 1065 Johnsonville-Porirua Motorway ends
Ngauranga 1068 State Highway 2 NZ.svgClassic-nz-wine-trail.pngBSicon BOOT.svg SH 2/CNZWT Hutt Road – Hutt Valley, Picton Ferry Traffic for The Interislander ferry to Picton and the South Island exits here.
41°14′49″S 174°48′52″E / 41.247063°S 174.814517°E / -41.247063; 174.814517 (SH 1/SH 2 intersection (Ngauranga))
SH 1 becomes the Motorway begins nz -vector.svg Wellington Urban Motorway
Thorndon 1071 BSicon BOOT.svg Aotea Quay – Waterfront Exit here for Wellington Central. Traffic for Bluebridge ferry to Picton and the South Island exits here.
Te Aro 1075 Wellington Urban Motorway ends
Wellington International Airport 1081 BSicon FLUG.svg Broadway/Stewart Duff Drive – Airport, Strathmore, Seatoun SH 1 ends
41°19′33″S 174°48′35″E / 41.32577°S 174.809625°E / -41.32577; 174.809625 (End of SH 1N)

South Island (SH 1S)[edit]

Territorial authority Location km Destinations Notes
Marlborough District Picton Railway Station 0 SH 1 begins
Picton 1 Classic-nz-wine-trail.png Classic New Zealand Wine Trail Kent Street – Wellington Ferry (Vehicles) Vehicular traffic for both Interislander and Bluebridge ferries, and walk-on traffic for Bluebridge ferry, turns here. SH 1/Classic New Zealand Wine Trail concurrency begins
Tuamarina 20 Wairau River
Spring Creek 23 State Highway 62 NZ.svg SH 62 Rapaura Road – Nelson Alternative route to Nelson, bypassing Blenheim
Blenheim 28 State Highway 6 NZ.svg SH 6 Nelson Street – Nelson, West Coast Roundabout
Classic NZ Wine Trail and SH 1/Classic NZ Wine Trail concurrency ends.
Kaikoura District Kowhai 163 Regional Route 70.png Alpine Pacific Triangle Inland Kaikoura Road, Route 70 – Mt Lyford Village, Hanmer Springs SH 1/Alpine Pacific Triangle concurrency begins
Hurunui District Waipara 284 State Highway 7 NZ.svg SH 7/Alpine Pacific TriangleHanmer Springs, West Coast via Lewis Pass
Amberley 291 Regional Route 72 NZ.png Inland Scenic RouteRangiora, Oxford Southbound access to Rangiora.
Alternative route south, bypassing Christchurch
Alpine Pacific Triangle ends. SH 1/Alpine Pacific Triangle concurrency ends.
Waimakariri District SH 1 becomes Motorway begins nz -vector.svg Christchurch Northern Motorway
Kaiapoi 323 State Highway 71 NZ.svg SH 71 Lineside Road – Kaiapoi, Rangiora
Christchurch City Belfast Christchurch Northern Motorway ends
332 State Highway 74 NZ.svg SH 74 Main North Road – City Centre, Lyttelton
Harewood 341 Memorial Avenue east – Fendalton, City Centre
BSicon FLUG.svg Memorial Avenue west – Airport
Masham 344 State Highway 73 NZ.svg SH 73 Yaldhurst Road east – Riccarton, City Centre
State Highway 73 NZ.svg SH 73 Yaldhurst Road west – West Coast via Arthur's Pass
Hornby 347 Main South Road – City Centre, Lyttelton, Akaroa Formerly SH 73A
Islington 349 State Highway 76 NZ.svg SH 76 Halswell Junction Road – Halswell, City Centre, Lyttelton Will be revoked once the Christchurch Southern Motorway is extended further south towards Rolleston.
Selwyn District District contains no major junctions
Ashburton District Ashburton 430 State Highway 77 NZ.svg SH 77 – Moore Street
Methven, Darfield
Timaru District Rangitata 465 State Highway 79 NZ.svg SH 79Geraldine, Aoraki/Mount Cook Alternative route to SH 8 and the Mackenzie Basin, bypassing Timaru.
Winchester 481 Regional Route 72 NZ.png Inland Scenic Route, Route 72 – Geraldine, Methven, Mount Hutt Alternative route north, bypassing Christchurch
Washdyke 501 State Highway 8 NZ.svg SH 8Fairlie, Aoraki/Mount Cook
Timaru 506 State Highway 78 NZ.svg SH 78 Port Loop Road – Port of Timaru
Waimate District Makikihi 543 State Highway 82 NZ.svg SH 82Waimate
569 Waitaki River
Waitaki District
Pukeuri Junction 583 State Highway 83 NZ.svg SH 83Kurow, Omarama
Palmerston 651 State Highway 85 NZ.svg SH 85Ranfurly, Alexandra
Dunedin City Dunedin Central 706 State Highway 88 NZ.svg SH 88 St Andrew Street – Port Chalmers, Otago Peninsula
Caversham 709 Southern scenic route NZ marker.jpg Southern Scenic Route Barnes Drive – Caversham
Lookout Point 710 SH 1 becomes Motorway begins nz -vector.svg Dunedin Southern Motorway
Mosgiel 720 State Highway 87 NZ.svg SH 87 Quarry Road – Mosgiel
Dunedin Southern Motorway ends
Allanton 729 State Highway 86 NZ.svg BSicon FLUG.svg SH 86 Centre Road – Airport, Outram
736 Taieri River
Clutha District Waihola 746 Southern scenic route NZ marker.jpg Southern Scenic RouteTaieri Mouth SH 1/Southern Scenic Route concurrency begins
Clarksville 765 State Highway 8 NZ.svg SH 8Alexandra, Queenstown
Balclutha 786 Balclutha Bridge over Clutha River
787 Southern scenic route NZ marker.jpg Southern Scenic RouteOwaka, Invercargill via Southern Scenic Route SH 1/Southern Scenic Route concurrency ends
Clinton 817 State Highway 93 NZ.svg SH 93Mataura Alternative route to Invercargill, bypassing Gore
Gore District McNab 854 State Highway 90 NZ.svg SH 90 – Raes Junction, Tapanui
Gore 858 Mataura River
State Highway 94 NZ.svg SH 94 Hokonui Drive – Milford Sound/Piopiotahi
Mataura 870 State Highway 93 NZ.svg SH 93 – Clinton Alternative route to Dunedin, bypassing Gore
872 State Highway 96 NZ.svg SH 96 Glencoe Highway – Winton, Ohai
Southland District Dacre 900 State Highway 98 NZ.svg SH 98 Lorne Dacre Road – Lorneville Alternative route to SH 6 and SH 99, bypassing Invercargill
Invercargill City Invercargill City Centre 922 Southern scenic route NZ marker.jpg Southern Scenic Route Elles Road – South City SH 1/Southern Scenic Route concurrency begins
Alternative route to Dunedin, via the Catlins.
923 State Highway 6 NZ.svg SH 6/Southern scenic route NZ marker.jpg Southern Scenic Route Dee Street – Queenstown SH 1/Southern Scenic Route concurrency ends
Bluff 952 SH 1 ends

SH 1B[edit]

Territorial authority Location km Destinations Notes
Waikato District Taupiri 0 State Highway 1 NZ.svg SH 1North
Huntly, Auckland
SH 1B begins
State Highway 1 NZ.svg SH 1/Waikato Expressway South
State Highway 26 NZ.svg SH 26 West
SH 1B/SH 26 concurrency begins
State Highway 26 NZ.svg SH 26 East
Morrinsville, Te Aroha
SH 1B/SH 26 concurrency begins
Waipa District Cambridge State Highway 1 NZ.svg SH 1/Waikato Expressway North
SH 1B ends
State Highway 1 NZ.svg SH 1/Waikato Expressway South
Rotorua, Taupo

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Final few metres of SH1 sealed". New Zealand Herald. 22 April 2010. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  2. ^ "Toll roads". NZTA. Retrieved 2015-11-29. 
  3. ^ "State highway frequently asked questions". NZTA. 
  4. ^ "State highway frequently asked questions". NZTA. 
  5. ^ "End of the road for last traffic fords left on State Highway 1". Media statement. NZTA, Christchurch Regional Office. 27 September 2010. Retrieved 29 September 2010. 
  6. ^ Reilly, Helen (2013). Pauatahanui: A local history. Wellington: Pauatahanui Residents Association. pp. 128–129. ISBN 978-0-473-25439-1. 
  7. ^ "Ara Tūhono – Pūhoi to Wellsford". 
  8. ^ "SH1 Additional Waitematā Harbour Crossing project". 
  9. ^ "Plan to 'future-proof' second Waitemata Harbour crossing". NZ Herald. 16 March 2015. 
  10. ^ "Cambridge". 
  11. ^ "Huntly". 
  12. ^ "Hamilton". 
  13. ^ "Peka Peka to Ōtaki Expressway". 
  14. ^ "MacKays to Peka Peka Peka". 
  15. ^ "Transmission Gully Motorway". 
  16. ^ "Basin Reserve flyover project killed off by the High Court". Retrieved 21 August 2015. 
  17. ^ "Key's state of the nation - full speech". Retrieved 2016-01-27. 
  18. ^ "Western Belfast Bypass; NZ Transport Agency". 
  19. ^ "SH 1 Russley Road; NZ Transport Agency". 
  20. ^ "Woodend Corridor Improvements; NZ Transport Agency".