18 October 1914|
Mackay, Queensland, Australia
|Died||8 May 1991
Hazelbrook, New South Wales, Australia
|Pen name||Kate O'Brien, Kath O'Brien|
|Occupation||Comic book/strip artist, commercial artist, book illustrator,|
Kathleen O'Brien (1914–1991), was an Australian comic book artist, book illustrator and fashion artist. O'Brien is most notable for her 1943 comic strip, Wanda the War Girl, the first Australian comic strip to present an account of life during and after World War II from a female perspective.
As a young girl, she travelled all over Australia with her parents, whilst her father prospected for gold, broke horses and worked in the outback. Her mother's interest in art inspired her to become an artist. O'Brien boarded at a Brisbane convent and studied art at the Brisbane Central Technical College, before moving to Sydney in 1937, where she studied for three years with noted Australian artist J.S. (John Samuel) Watkins (1866–1942).
In 1942 the editor of The Sunday Telegraph, Cyril Pearl, was looking for a new strip to replace Mary and Elizabeth Durack's Nungulla and Jungalla. Journalist, Bob Slessor, suggested to O'Brien that she think about coming up with something. Her idea was a girl in the armed services, Pearl liked the samples and asked her to prepare a strip for the paper.
Wanda is not a portrait of any real person, but she represents the spirit of Australian girls I know, who have done such wonderful work in uniform. I first thought of Wanda when I was watching a march of service girls. I spent days and nights sketching girls before I was satisfied I had found a true type of real Australian girl.— Kathleen O'Brien (1943)
Wanda was a tough independent young, long-legged curveous redhead, whose series of adventures had her encountering Japanese soldiers and German spies. The early stories were written by journalist, Clifford William Brain, but O'Brien took over the writing of the strip after the war.
Professor Jane Chapman, in her 2011 lecture at Macquarie University, considers that Wanda was inspired by Tarpé Mills' comic strip, Black Fury (a syndicated American strip, which appeared in The Sunday Telegraph) and Jane by Norman Pett (which appeared in the UK Daily Mirror). According to John Ryan in his Australian Comic anthology, Panel by Panel, "O'Brien developed an unique style which resembled some of the work of William Dobell."
Wanda the War Girl first appeared in The Sunday Telegraph on 18 July 1943. Wanda was reputed to be more popular with school children than Superman. Wanda also had a similar appeal with servicemen, with her image often painted on the sides of tanks and planes.
After the end of the Second World War the strip was renamed Wanda and took on the mantle of an adventure/detective strip before it was abruptly terminated mid-story on 25 November 1991. O'Brien basing her storylines on books by Ashton Wolfe, the head of the French Sûreté, combining methods he detailed with current newspaper stories, thus Wanda was involved in struggles with black-marketeers, foreign spies and smugglers.
The strip was subsequently collected into several comic books. Wanda the War Girl was published as a one-shot by Consolidated Press, whilst The Wanda Comic was the first and the fifth in Consolidated Press' Supercomic Series.
At the same time O'Brien worked as a commercial artist and book illustrator, illustrating twelve books, including Hans Christian Andersen's The Little Mermaid (1943), Australia's first unabridged version of Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass (1943), Ella Greenway's Peter Cat (1950) and Nourma Handford's Carloola Backstage: A Career Novel for Girls' (1956).
In 1947 she married Robert Blanche. O'Brien briefly taught art at Springwood Ladies College and had a notable career as a fashion artist. O'Brien's illustrations appearing in advertisements for Myer, David Jones, Georges and Farmers department stores.
- Shiell, Annette (1998). Bonzer: Australian Comics 1900s–1990s. Redhill, South Australia: Eluga Media. p. 77. ISBN 1-876308-12-5.
- "Introducing "Wanda the War Girl"". The Sunday Times. Perth, WA: News Limited. 11 July 1943. p. 3. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
- Kerr, Joan; Kerr, James Semple (19 October 2011). "Kate O'Brien". Design and Art Australia Online. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- Ryan, John (1979). Panel by Panel: An Illustrated History of Australian Comics. Cassell Australia. p. 53. ISBN 0-7269-7376-9.
- Clifford-Smith, Silas (2009). "John Samuel Watkins". Design and Art Australia Online. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
- "Keeping in Touch". War & Peace – Rationing & Rebuilding. John Curtin Prime Ministerial Library. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- Robbins, Trina; Yronwode, Catherine (1985). Women and the comics. Eclipse Books. p. 92. ISBN 0913035025.
- Minell, Merilyn. "A Nation's Imagination: Australia's Copyright Records, 1854–1968" (PDF). National Library of Australia. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- Markstein, Don. "Miss Fury". Toonopedia. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- Markstein, Don. "Jane". Toonopedia. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- Ciddor, Anna (1998). Australia in the Twentieth Century. South Yarra: MacMillan Education. p. 23. ISBN 0732941989.
- Kerr, Joan (1995). Heritage: the National Women's Art Book : 500 works by 500 Australian Women Artists from Colonial Times to 1955. G+B Arts International. p. 256. ISBN 9766410453.
- O'Brien, Kath (1945). Wanda. Consolidated Press. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
- O'Brien, Kath (April 1948), The Wanda Comic, Consolidated Press, retrieved 29 May 2012
- "Wanda Comic". Sunday Times. Perth, WA. 11 January 1948. p. 14. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
- Greenway, Ella; O'Brien, Kath (1950). Peter Cat. Colorgravure Publications. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- Handford, Nourma; O'Brien, Kate (1956). Carcoola Backstage : a Career Novel for Girls. Dymock's.
- Chapman, Jane (November 2011). "Representation of female war-time bravery in Australia's Wanda the War Girl". The Australian Journal of Popular Culture. 1 (2). ISSN 2045-5852.
- Unger, Ingrid; Shiell, Annette (1994). Annette Shiell and Ingrid Unger, eds. ACE biographical portraits : the artists behind the comic book characters : the Australian comic book exhibition, Australian comics 1930s–1990s. National Centre for Australian Studies, Monash University.