Kawac Makwei

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Kawac Makuei Mayar Kawac is a politician from South Sudan who was a leader in the Anyanya I independence movement during the First Sudanese Civil War (1955-1972) and in the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) during the Second Sudanese Civil War (1983-2005).

Civil war[edit]

Kawac Makuei joined Anyanya I in 1963. By the time the Addis Ababa Accord of 1972 was signed he had become a major. He was one of the founders of the SPLA in 1983.[1] He became Commander of the Jamus battalion in the SPLA. In February 1984 Colonel Kawac Makuei led a successful operation into Wathkec, on the Mouth of the Jonglei Canal.[2] In 1986, he inspired thousands of recruits from Northern Bahr el Ghazal to make the long walk to Ethiopia.[3] In January 1990 the SPLM imprisoned Kawac Makuei and other influential figures in the movement, centralizing leadership around John Garang.[4]

On 21 April 1997 Kawac Makuei was among southern leaders who signed the Khartoum Peace Agreement of 1997, representing the Bahr al-Ghazal Independence Movement for Southern Sudan. The Agreement provided for self-governance of the south during a transitional period when a referendum would be held on the future form of government. It was boycotted by the SPLA.[5] He was appointed governor of Northern Bahr el Ghazal State. In June 1998 an attack was made on his house, apparently by members of a rival pro-government militia.[6]

Later career[edit]

The civil war ended in January 2005. Kawac Makuei was appointed Chairperson of the Southern Sudan War Veterans Commission by the Government of South Sudan.[1] In February 2010, he declared his candidacy for Governor of Northern Bahr el Ghazal, running on the United Democratic Salvation Front (UDSF) platform.[7] In the April 2010 election, incumbent Governor Paul Malong Awan Anei of the SPLM got 162,209, General Dau Aturjong Nyuol won 84,452 and Kawac Makuei Kawac trailed with 9,854 votes.[8]


  1. ^ a b "Chairperson's Profile". Southern Sudan War Veterans Commission. Archived from the original on 2011-06-28. Retrieved 2011-09-15. 
  2. ^ Guarak 2011, pp. 291.
  3. ^ Guarak 2011, pp. 317.
  4. ^ Guarak 2011, pp. 206.
  5. ^ Bruce Maddy-Weitzman, Mekhon Shiloaḥ (1999). Middle East contemporary survey, Volume 21. The Moshe Dayan Center. p. 633. ISBN 0-8133-3762-3. 
  6. ^ "Splits within pro-government Sudanese groups". IRIN Update No. 446 for Central and Eastern Africa. UNITED NATIONS Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. 26 Jun 1998. Retrieved 2011-09-15. 
  7. ^ Ngor Arol Garang (7 February 2010). "UDSF candidate for NBGS president slams SPLM electoral propaganda". Sudan Tribune. Retrieved 2011-09-15. 
  8. ^ Ngor Arol Garang (25 April 2010). "NBGS: NEC announces caretaker governor Malong as winner". Sudan Tribune. Retrieved 2011-09-15.