15 September 1910|
Wilków Pierwszy, Russian Empire
|Died||28 January 2010
|Polish United Workers' Party, Communist Party of Poland|
Kazimierz Mijal (September 15, 1910 – January 28, 2010) was a Polish politician, collaborator of Polish communist leader Bolesław Bierut, next dissident, best known for founding the illegal Communist Party of Poland in opposition to the Polish United Workers' Party (PUWP) in 1965. He was born in Wilków Pierwszy.
Graduating from a Tradesmen's Association Commercial School in Warsaw, Mijal became active during World War II, collaborating with Paul Finder, Marcel Nowotko and Bolesław Bierut. He served as Mayor of Łódź, chief of the Presidential Chancellery, chief of the Bureau of the Council of Ministers, Minister of Communal Economy, and director of the Investment Bank. He was a long-time member of the CC of the Polish Workers' Party and then the PUWP. Following Nikita Khrushchev's condemnation of former Soviet leader Joseph Stalin at the 20th Party Congress in 1956, Mijal aligned with the anti-revisionist movement then led primarily by Mao Zedong. He condemned Władysław Gomułka, First Secretary of the Polish United Workers' Party over his siding with Khrushchev and was an important figure in the so-called Natolin faction of the party. He created various pamphlets condemned by the party as dogmatic and Stalinist, and used a fake passport to leave for Albania, whose leader Enver Hoxha led the anti-revisionist movement along with Mao Zedong.
He founded a new communist party, the Communist Party of Poland (Mijal), declared himself Secretary General of the "Temporary Central Committee of the Communist Party of Poland" and took control of Radio Tirana's Polish wing. Mijal's Maoist rhetoric proved unpopular to both Polish workers and the intelligentsia, and with the Sino-Albanian Split in 1978, Mijal gave up on the party and secretly returned to Poland in 1983. He was arrested in 1984 for distributing pamphlets but was released after three months. He attempted to revive the Communist Party in 1997 but lacked backing. He was also accused throughout his political career of anti-Semitic remarks, a charge that continues to this day.
He died in January 2010 in Warsaw, Poland. He was buried on the grounds of Warsaw Reformed Cemetery on Zytnia street.
- Kazimierz Mijal - Dogmatic Diehard or Political Adventurer?, Radio Free Europe Research, Poland, 26 June 1967
- Kazimierz Mijal's obituary (Polish)