Keith Smith (engineer)
Keith Archibald Smith, OBE, AM, MIE Aust, FCIT, (4 May 1915 – 16 July 2011) was Chief Mechanical Engineer, and later Commissioner, for the Commonwealth Railways of Australia, which operates mostly in remote and desolate areas railways for the Federal Government.
Before joining the Commonwealth Railways, Keith Smith graduated with honours from Sydney University and was a locomotive designing and test engineer with the New South Wales Government Railways. During World War II, he worked at Chullora Railway Workshops supervising the production of war materials including the cruiser tank, bren gun carrier and Beaufighter aircraft projects. He was closely associated with the design of the Class 38 locomotive.
In 1948, Keith Smith joined the Tasmanian Government Railways as Production Engineer. In 1950, he joined the Commonwealth Railways, Port Augusta, as Chief Mechanical Engineer. As well as his Mechanical Branch responsibilities, in the role of Acting Chief Civil Engineer, he also supervised the construction of the standard gauge line from Stirling North to the Leigh Creek coal fields. This project also involved the creation of the pick-a-back scheme whereby two complete narrow gauge coal consists were transported on a standard gauge rake of flat cars.
He introduced concrete sleepers and long welded rail to the Commonwealth Railways. He also had much of the North Australia Railway narrow gauge system rebuilt in the 1960s for the iron ore traffic. This work included the complete replacement of all the workshop facilities, much of the housing and office facilities. He had the Trans Australia line rebuilt to modern standards and a new standard gauge line constructed between Port Augusta and Whyalla in 1972.
Keith Smith also managed the transition from steam to diesel traction in the 1950s and also the accompanying modern air-conditioned rolling stock. This was followed by the introduction of a modern fleet of large capacity freight rollingstock. Triple deck sheep carriers could accommodate 600 sheep. Other large types of rollingstock were 21 000 gallon tank cars and 75 foot boxcars.
Keith Smith was a key executive in the creation of the standard gauge line from the east coast of Australia to the west coast. He supervised the standardisation of the Port Pirie to Broken Hill lline.
He supervised the transition of the Commonwealth Railways to the Australian National Railways Commission that incorporated the former South Australian and Tasmanian Government Railways. Keith Smith was the longest serving Commissioner of the CR, before becoming the first Chairman of Commissioners of the Australian National, retiring in that position in 1981.
Piggyback by the Trainload
One of Smith's more notable achievements was the expeditious introduction of a standard gauge pick-a-back consist to bypass a section of narrow gauge railway (Central Australia Railway) that was regularly washed away by floods. This pick-a-back consist transported a complete narrow gauge coal train by means of a narrow gauge track laid on the top of a rake of standard gauge flat cars.
By comparison, the Rollbock system of transporter train required that the wagons be loaded one at a time. It is not known what speed the piggyback train could achieve, but it is noted that the standard gauge line was brand new with gentle curves and gradients. The term "piggy-back" referred to road freight vehicles loaded on rail flat cars.
When no longer required, the piggyback equipment could be restored to normal service.
- Tales from a Railway Odyssey - Volume 1 ISBN 1-86477-024-4 (Hard Cover)
- Tales from a Railway Odyssey - Volume 1 ISBN 1-86477-026-0 (Soft Cover)
- Transporter wagon
- Railway Transportation August 1957, "Unique Piggy-back Operations at Stirling North".
- Stirling North - start of piggyback operation and power station
- Parachilna - end of piggyback operation
- Leigh Creek - coal mines
- The Institution of Engineering, Australia
- "7.30 Report - 17/07/2001: Alice to Darwin railway construction begins". Abc.net.au. 17 July 2001. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
- Smith, Keith Archibald, It's an Honour, 1 January 1970.
- Tales from a Railway Odyssey - Volume 1. p104-118
- "Railway Transportation". Home.iprimus.com.au. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
- "Tales from a railway odyssey : Nullarbor interlude : a recollection of a railway journey across Aust... | National Library of Australia". Catalogue.nla.gov.au. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
- "Tales from a railway odyssey / Keith A. Smith | National Library of Australia". Catalogue.nla.gov.au. Retrieved 2010-05-30.