Kenkokukai

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The Kenkokukai (建国会) was a Japanese secret society founded in April 1926. It was formed by the National Socialist Motoyuki Takabatake (高畠素之), Nagoya Anarchists Shinkichi Uesugi (上杉慎吉) and Bin Akao (赤尾敏). It proclaimed its object to be "the creation of a genuine people's state based on unanimity between the people and the emperor".[citation needed] Its state socialist programme included the demand for "the state control of the life of the people in order that among Japanese people there should not be a single unfortunate nor unfully-franchised individual". The organisation embraced Pan-Asianism declaring "The Japanese people standing at the head of the coloured people, will bring the world a new civilization."[citation needed] It was at one time in favour of universal suffrage.

It worked in close contact with the police to break the miners strike in Totsige, and other strikes in factories in Kanegafuchi, tramway workers in Tokyo and tenant farmers in Gifu Prefecture. In this period it had about 10,000 members. Wesugisoon withdrew in 1927, and Takabatake supporters left following his death in 1928. Tōyama Mitsuru (頭山満), of the Black Dragon Society (黒龍会) was appointed honorary chairperson, and Nagat a former Police Chief vice-chair. Others of this new influx included Ikyhara, Kida, Sugimoto. Akao was director of the league, which organised gangs of strike breakers and in 1928 bombed the Soviet embassy. Their paper Nippon Syugi was virulently anti-communist with slogans such as "Death to Communism, to Russian Bolshevism and to the Left parties and workers' unions".