Key Performance Parameters

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Key Performance Parameters (KPPs) specify what the critical performance goals are in a United States Department of Defense (DoD) acquisition under the JCIDS process.[1][2]

The JCIDS intent for KPPs is to have a few measures stated where the acquisition product either meets the stated performance measure or else the program will be considered a failure[3] per instructions CJCSI 3170.01H – Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System. The mandates require 3 to 8 KPPs be specified for a United States Department of Defense major acquisition, known as Acquisition Category 1 or ACAT-I.

The term is defined as "Performance attributes of a system considered critical to the development of an effective military capability. A KPP normally has a threshold representing the minimum acceptable value achievable at low-to-moderate risk, and an objective, representing the desired operational goal but at higher risk in cost, schedule, and performance. KPPs are contained in the Capability Development Document (CDD) and the Capability Production Document (CPD) and are included verbatim in the Acquisition Program Baseline (APB). KPPs are considered Measures of Performance (MOPs) by the operational test community."[4]

Commentary notes that metrics must be chosen carefully, and that they are hard to define and apply throughout a projects life cycle.[5] It is also desired that KPPs of a program avoid repetition, and to be something applicable among different programs such as fuel efficiency.[6] Higher numbers of KPPs are associated to program and schedule instability.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "CJCSI 3170.01I, JOINT CAPABILITIES INTEGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT SYSTEM (JCIDS)" (PDF). 23 Jan 2015. Retrieved 24 Mar 2016.[dead link]
  2. ^ "JCIDS Manual, Appendix A – Key Performance Parameters and Key System Attributes" (PDF). 19 Jan 2012. Retrieved 26 Oct 2015."KPPs. Performance attributes of a system considered critical to the development of an effective military capability."
  3. ^ "JCIDS Process, Key Performance Parameter (KPP)". Retrieved 24 Mar 2016.
  4. ^ "Key Performance Parameters (KPPs), ACQuipedia". Defense Acquisition University. Retrieved 28 Feb 2022.
  5. ^ "Explaining KPPs, KSAs, MOEs, and MOPs". Johns Hopkins University, Whiting School of Engineering. 1 Nov 2013. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
  6. ^ An Analysis of Fuel Efficiency as a Key Performance Parameter for Military Aircraft Acquisitions. Naval Postgraduate School. Sep 2002. ASIN B007H2B7H4. Archived from the original on April 25, 2016. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
  7. ^ "JCIDS Process, Key Performance Parameter (KPP)". Retrieved 4 April 2016.
  8. ^ "DODI 4630.8, Procedures for Interoperability and Supportability of Information Technology (IT) and National Security Systems (NSS)". 30 Jun 2004. Retrieved 4 Apr 2016.
  9. ^ "Defense Acquisition Guidebook, 7.3.4. Net-Ready Key Performance Parameter (NR-KPP)". Retrieved 4 Apr 2016.

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