Key Performance Parameters
The JCIDS intent for KPPs is to have a few measures stated where the acquisition product either meets the stated performance measure or else the program will be considered a failure per instructions CJCSI 3170.01H – Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System. The mandates require 3 to 8 KPPs be specified for a United States Department of Defense major acquisition, known as Acquisition Category 1 or ACAT-I.
The term is defined as "Performance attributes of a system considered critical to the development of an effective military capability. A KPP normally has a threshold representing the minimum acceptable value achievable at low-to-moderate risk, and an objective, representing the desired operational goal but at higher risk in cost, schedule, and performance. KPPs are contained in the Capability Development Document (CDD) and the Capability Production Document (CPD) and are included verbatim in the Acquisition Program Baseline (APB). KPPs are considered Measures of Performance (MOPs) by the operational test community."
Commentary notes that metrics must be chosen carefully, and that they are hard to define and apply throughout a projects life cycle. It is also desired that KPPs of a program avoid repetition, and to be something applicable among different programs such as fuel efficiency. Higher numbers of KPPs are associated to program and schedule instability.
- "CJCSI 3170.01I, JOINT CAPABILITIES INTEGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT SYSTEM (JCIDS)" (PDF). 23 Jan 2015. Retrieved 24 Mar 2016.[dead link]
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- "JCIDS Process, Key Performance Parameter (KPP)". Retrieved 24 Mar 2016.
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- "Explaining KPPs, KSAs, MOEs, and MOPs". Johns Hopkins University, Whiting School of Engineering. 1 Nov 2013. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
- An Analysis of Fuel Efficiency as a Key Performance Parameter for Military Aircraft Acquisitions. Naval Postgraduate School. Sep 2002. ASIN B007H2B7H4. Archived from the original on April 25, 2016. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
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- "Defense Acquisition Guidebook, 7.3.4. Net-Ready Key Performance Parameter (NR-KPP)". Retrieved 4 Apr 2016.