Kilza Setti de Castro Lima (born 26 January 1932) is a Brazilian ethnomusicologist, composer, and pianist.
Kilza Setti was born in Sao Paulo, Brazil. In 1953 she graduated from the Conservatorio Dramatico y Musical of Sao Paulo where she studied composition with Camargo Guarnieri, and won scholarships for study in composition and research in ethnomusic at the Instituto Di Tella in Buenos Aires  She also earned a scholarship to the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation in Lisbon, Portugal, where she studied under anthropologist Michel Giacometti and composer Fernando Lopes Graça.
Setti graduated from the University of São Paulo in 1982 with a doctorate degree in social anthropology. She studied the music of the European-and Indian-born fishermen on the southeastern coast of Brazil and the ritual music of the Guarani-Mbyá and Timbira Indians of Central Brazil, and founded the Brazilian Association of Folklore.
Setti received awards for her compositions, including first prize in the composition competitions. She is a visiting professor at the Federal University of Bahia and other universities.
Kilza Setti is influenced by her study of folkloric music and composes for orchestra, chamber ensemble, solo instrument and voice. Selected works include:
- 1958 Dois Corais mistos: Obialá Koro Yemanjá Oto
- 1959 Balada do Rei the Sereias
- 1973 Poesia II
- 1982 Canoa em dois tempos
- 1982 Ser
- 1982 Memória
- 1962 Lenda do céu
- 1972 Lundu
- 1973 Jogo da Condessa
- 1990 Missa Caiçara
- 1955 Toada for piano
- 1958 Seis Peças em clave de Sol for piano
- 1972 Dois momentos for recorder
- 1958 Toada for orchestra
- 1961 Suíte for string orchestra, piccolo, flute, clarinet
- 1966 Folgança suite for orchestra
- 1999 Meditação sobre o Tietê