Kindins

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Kindins is the reconstructed term for a political rank or position among the Goths of the 4th century, translated in Greek and Latin sources as "judge" (iudex, δικαστής).[1] Patrick J. Geary described the position as a "super-royal judge".[2]

Herwig Wolfram suggested that the term also equated with the Burgundian hendinos and carried the meaning "representative of the kindred".[1] Peter Heather considered the word Þiudans could have also been understood to mean the same designation.[1] Heather also noted that the title of this type of judge passed from father to son through Ariaric, Aoric and Athanaric.[3] Wolfram described the office of kindins as "the judge who, elected for the duration of a specific threat and limited in his authority to the territory of the tribal confederation, exercised special monarchical power." He noted the root of the word kind meant "race" or "lineage" and how the passage of history transformed the word kindins from its original meaning of "clan chief".[4] Knut Helle referred to the position of kindins as a "war leader" that would be appointed upon a council of several reiks during special conditions in times of crisis or war.[5]

Wolfram considered Ariaric likely to have been the first reliably and independently recorded Thervingian kindins.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Richard North (11 December 1997). Heathen Gods in Old English Literature. Cambridge University Press. pp. 147–. ISBN 978-0-521-55183-0. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  2. ^ Patrick J. Geary (2003). The Myth of Nations: The Medieval Origins of Europe. Princeton University Press. pp. 87–. ISBN 978-0-691-11481-1. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  3. ^ Carole M. Cusack (1998). Rise of Christianity in Northern Europe, 300-1000. Continuum International Publishing Group. pp. 38–. ISBN 978-0-304-70735-5. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  4. ^ Herwig Wolfram (1997). The Roman Empire and Its Germanic Peoples. University of California Press. pp. 17–. ISBN 978-0-520-08511-4. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  5. ^ Knut Helle (2003). Prehistory to 1520. Cambridge University Press. pp. 73–. ISBN 978-0-521-47299-9. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  6. ^ Herwig Wolfram; Thomas J. Dunlap (1 March 1990). History of the Goths. University of California Press. pp. 61 & 62. ISBN 978-0-520-06983-1. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 

See also[edit]