Herod

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Herod is a name used by several kings belonging to the Herodian Dynasty of the Roman province of Judaea:

First generation - the founder of the dynasty
  • Herod the Great (c. 74–4 BC), client king of Judea who rebuilt the Second Temple (in Jerusalem)
Second generation - the sons of Herod the Great
  • Herod Archelaus (23 BC–c. AD 18), ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea
  • Herod Antipas (ruled 20 BC–c. AD 40), tetrarch of Galilee and Peraea. In the New Testament as "Herod the Tetrarch" or "Herod", who orders the death of John the Baptist and mocks Jesus
  • Philip the Tetrarch (ruled 4 BC–AD 34), sometimes called Herod Philip II, tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis
  • Herod II (c. 27 BC–33 AD), sometimes called Herod Philip I, father of Salome; did not rule over any territory
Third generation - the grandsons of Herod the Great
  • Herod Agrippa (born c. 11 BC, ruled AD 41–44), client king of Judaea, called "King Herod" or "Herod" in Acts 12 of the New Testament
  • Herod of Chalcis, also known as Herod II or Herod V, king of Chalcis (AD 41–48)
Fourth generation - the great-grandson of Herod the Great
  • Herod Agrippa II (born AD 27, ruled 48–c. 92), ruled Chalcis, then parts of Herod the Great's kingdom; described in Acts of the Apostles as "King Agrippa" before whom Paul of Tarsus defended himself

Other[edit]

Phonetically similar term[edit]

  • herred, an administrative area in Denmark and Norway