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Knipe Point viewed from the beach at Cayton Bay
|Knipe Point shown within North Yorkshire|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
Knipe Point (or Osgodby Point) is a rocky headland on the North Sea coast, between Cornelian Bay and Cayton Bay in North Yorkshire, England. From this point, and running south, is the steeply sloping clay-till cliff on top of which stood the NALGO holiday camp between 1933 and 1974; this is where Knipe Point Drive was later built. The Cayton Cliff is subject to continuing surface landslips, potentially major at times, such as the one of 2008, known as the Knipe Point Landslide, which received national media attention due to the loss of three homes.
Originally the first Trade Union holiday camp in the North of England, owned by NALGO it opened its doors in 1933. It had 124 wooden bungalows, accommodating 252 visitors. A dining hall with waiter service, a rest room along with recreation rooms for playing cards, billiards, a theatre for indoor shows and dancing was also provided. The new centre also provided Tennis courts, Bowling greens along with a children's play area. The visitors could walk to the beach where there was a sun terrace and beach house which also had a small shop. Click here to see photos of the NALGO camp from the 1930s.
One of the earliest visitors were the family of poet Philip Larkin and during the Second World War it became a home for evacuated children from Middlesbrough. To see a black and white film of the NALGO holiday camp at Knipe Point please see the site of the Yorkshire Film Archive here. The NALGO camp closed in 1974 and was sold in 1976.
The site became permanent residential homes in 1985 when a planning restriction limiting the site to holiday homes was overruled following an appeal by the owner of the site.
The community is self-regulated by the Knipe Point Owners' Association which negotiated the purchase of the freehold of the land in 2002. This is held by another residents' company, Knipe Point Freeholders Limited, which maintains equality through each member having 500 shares. The members lease their homes to themselves for a nominal ground rent of £1. About half are permanent residents.
Knipe Point landslide
The landslipping behaviour was investigated through a Ground Investigation and a geomorphological assessment, which identified groundwater movements through the coastal slope as the critical control on triggering of events. There is a great deal of speculation, including suggestions that the site has been affected by the building of a new bypass or that the construction of extensions to the bungalows has triggered failure.
On 15 December 2009 Defra announced that it was awarding Pathfinder Status to Scarborough Borough Council to enable it to add to its programme of work a means of exploring new approaches to planning for, and managing, adaptation to coastal change in partnership with the Knipe Point Drive community. This will run until spring 2011.
Knipe Point in the Media
- Landslip homes torn down as bulldozers move in to Cayton Bay - April 2008 Yorkshire Post
- Landslide leaves homes on the edge of a cliff - April 2008 Telegraph
- Homes teeter on seaside land slip - April 2008 BBC
- Homes on edge - April 2008 Scarborough Evening News
- Landslip: homes should never have been built - April 2008 Scarborough Evening News
- "PDZ 11 White Nab to Filey Brigg" (PDF). Cell 1 Shoreline Management Plan 2007. Scarborough Borough Council. Retrieved 18 October 2010.
- "Cayton Bay / Knipe Point landslide - report on options". Professor David Petley, Wilson Professor of Hazard and Risk. Blogspot. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
- "Philip Larkin's family papers". Brynmor Jones Library. Hull University. Retrieved 18 October 2010.
- "Vacuees, By Bill Martin". Matlon School Drama Programme. Malton School. Retrieved 13 October 2010.
- "Ralph's NALGO postcard site". RALPH'S NALGO POSTCARD SITE. NALGO Cayton Bay. Retrieved 18 October 2010.
- "Butlins Memories". British Holiday Camps: A Brief History. Butlins Memories. Retrieved 18 October 2010.
- Denis Hardy; C. Ward (1 January 1990). "Goodnight Campers!: The history of the British holiday camp -". Taylor & Francis. Retrieved 24 December 2015.
- "Scarborough Planning Portal". Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- Humphrey Bolton (18 September 2006). "Pond by the beach, Osgodby". Geograph Britain and Ireland. Retrieved 24 December 2015.
- "Company Information". www.einpay.com. Mavida Finance UK. Retrieved 13 October 2010.
- "Front line battle in my back yard". Yorkshire Post. Johnston Press Digital Publishing 10 August 2009. Retrieved 13 October 2010.
- P. R. Fish; R. Moore; J. M. Carey. "Landslide geomorphology of Cayton Bay, North Yorkshire, UK". Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 56, 5-14. Yorkshire Geological Society 2006. Retrieved 19 October 2010.
- "Landslip at Knipe Point". BBC North Yorkshire. 12 May 2008. Archived from the original on 26 March 2010.
- "Case Study C: Knipe Point" (PDF). Coastal Issues 2. Environment Agency 2009. Retrieved 19 October 2010.
- "Coastal Change Pathfinders". Defra 2009. Archived from the original on 4 March 2010. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
- Landslide at Knipe Point, Cayton Bay, North Yorkshire British Geological Survey
- Dave's Landslide Blog Blogspot