Ko Lanta District

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Ko Lanta

เกาะลันตา
District location in Krabi Province
District location in Krabi Province
Coordinates: 7°39′20″N 99°2′31″E / 7.65556°N 99.04194°E / 7.65556; 99.04194Coordinates: 7°39′20″N 99°2′31″E / 7.65556°N 99.04194°E / 7.65556; 99.04194
CountryThailand
ProvinceKrabi
SeatSaladan
Area
 • Total339.843 km2 (131.214 sq mi)
Population
 (2012)
 • Total30,500
 • Density81.4/km2 (211/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code81150
Geocode8103

Ko Lanta District (Thai: เกาะลันตา, pronounced [kɔ̀ʔ̚ lān.tāː]) is a district (amphoe) in Krabi Province, Thailand.

History[edit]

The district was established in December 1901. It consists of four island groups: Mu Ko Lanta (170 km2), Mu Ko Klang (162 km2), Mu Ko Rok (3.5 km2), and Mu Ko Ngai (3.6 km2). Other island groups are smaller, like Mu Ko Haa.

The origin of the name is unclear, but it may originate from the Javanese word lantas, meaning a type of grill for fish. The name of the island was officially changed to Lanta in 1917.

It is believed that the area was one of the oldest communities in Thailand, dating back to the prehistoric period. It is believed that this province may have taken its name after the meaning of Krabi, which means 'sword'. This may have stemmed from a legend that an ancient sword was unearthed prior to the city's founding.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Bridge construction between Ko Lanta Noi and Ko Lanta Yai, August 2015

The district, approximately 70 km from Krabi town, consists of three major islands. The first, Ko Klang, is separated from the mainland by a small river (klong) and road bridge, and is often mistakenly thought of as part of mainland Krabi Province. Of the two remaining larger islands, the largest, more populated Ko Lanta Yai (commonly known as simply "Ko Lanta") and the smaller Ko Lanta Noi, together with 50 other smaller islands make up the 52 island Mu Ko Lanta National Park. The largest island (Ko Lanta Yai) has nine beaches running down the entire west coast, forests, and tropical jungle. The geography of the island is typically mangroves; coral rimmed beaches; and tree-covered hills. A popular tourist destination, the islands are known for their long, sandy beaches and scuba diving.[1] Ko Lanta Yai and Ko Lanta Noi are connected with a bridge (opened in 2016). The bridge has led to many tourist projects on the undeveloped island.

Neighboring districts are Nuea Khlong to the northwest and Khlong Thom to the northeast and east.

Mu Ko Lanta National Park, established in 1990 as the 62nd national park of Thailand, occupies 134 km2 of the district.[2]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Ko Lanta (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.9
(96.6)
37.2
(99.0)
38.0
(100.4)
38.5
(101.3)
38.0
(100.4)
35.0
(95.0)
35.0
(95.0)
34.5
(94.1)
34.0
(93.2)
34.0
(93.2)
34.7
(94.5)
35.0
(95.0)
38.5
(101.3)
Average high °C (°F) 32.7
(90.9)
33.7
(92.7)
34.1
(93.4)
33.9
(93.0)
32.5
(90.5)
31.8
(89.2)
31.5
(88.7)
31.2
(88.2)
30.8
(87.4)
30.9
(87.6)
31.0
(87.8)
31.2
(88.2)
32.1
(89.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27.6
(81.7)
28.2
(82.8)
28.8
(83.8)
29.0
(84.2)
28.7
(83.7)
28.5
(83.3)
28.2
(82.8)
28.2
(82.8)
27.6
(81.7)
27.3
(81.1)
27.1
(80.8)
26.9
(80.4)
28.0
(82.4)
Average low °C (°F) 23.9
(75.0)
24.1
(75.4)
24.6
(76.3)
25.0
(77.0)
25.3
(77.5)
25.4
(77.7)
25.0
(77.0)
25.2
(77.4)
24.8
(76.6)
24.4
(75.9)
24.1
(75.4)
23.6
(74.5)
24.6
(76.3)
Record low °C (°F) 19.0
(66.2)
18.9
(66.0)
20.0
(68.0)
21.5
(70.7)
22.4
(72.3)
22.0
(71.6)
21.7
(71.1)
20.5
(68.9)
21.7
(71.1)
21.2
(70.2)
21.0
(69.8)
19.5
(67.1)
18.9
(66.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 14.9
(0.59)
18.0
(0.71)
60.3
(2.37)
119.0
(4.69)
244.8
(9.64)
258.5
(10.18)
296.3
(11.67)
304.2
(11.98)
330.3
(13.00)
325.4
(12.81)
147.1
(5.79)
55.6
(2.19)
2,174.4
(85.61)
Average rainy days 2.7 1.9 5.0 10.2 16.8 17.1 17.4 17.7 20.1 21.1 14.5 8.4 152.9
Average relative humidity (%) 75 74 76 79 85 85 85 85 85 85 85 79 82
Mean monthly sunshine hours 198.4 183.6 186.0 147.0 114.7 111.0 114.7 114.7 108.0 111.6 105.0 179.8 1,674.5
Mean daily sunshine hours 6.4 6.5 6.0 4.9 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.5 5.8 4.6
Source #1: Thai Meteorological Department[3]
Source #2: Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department (sun and humidity)[4]

Administration[edit]

The district is divided into five subdistricts (tambons), which are further subdivided into 37 villages (mubans). Ko Lanta Yai has township (thesaban tambon) status and includes part of tambon Ko Lanta Yai.

No. Name Thai name Villages Pop.     
1. Ko Lanta Yai เกาะลันตาใหญ่ 8 6,720
2. Ko Lanta Noi เกาะลันตาน้อย 8 5,360
3. Ko Klang เกาะกลาง 10 7,835
4. Khlong Yang คลองยาง 6 5,860
5. Sala Dan ศาลาด่าน 5 4,725
 Map of Tambon

Islands[edit]

Nr Island Capital Settlements Area (km²) Population[a]
1 Ko Bu Bu Had Na Koh Southern Beach, Northern Beach 0.123 5
2 Ko Ngai (Lanta) Ban Ko Hai Laem Lanang, Ao Tapang, Laem Baewa, Ao Muang, Ao Ko Tong, Laem Daeng, Laem Laya, Ao Nako 3.586 100
3 Ko Klang Huahin (Lanta) Pak Khlong, Khlong Yang, Tha Klong 165 13,700
4 Ko Lanta Noi Ban Lanta Noi Langsod, Klong Mak, Tha Rai, Hua Laem Ngu, Klong Tanod, Thung, Ro Yai, Laem Palm 75 5,350
5 Ko Lanta Yai Saladan Thung Yee Pheng, Ban Lanta Yai, Hua Laem, Sung Gau, Ao Tanod, Pra-Ae, Klong Kwang 80.82 10,830
6 Ko Mai Ngam 1.95 0
7 Ko Pleo Ko Pleo 0.16 10
8 Ko Por Ko Por Ao Tha Kang, Ao Nai Ban 1.6 500
9 Ko Rapule 1 0
10 Ko Talabeng Ao Kua Koh Ao Talay Waek, Ao Bon 2.04 2
11 Ko Waen 0.17 0
12 Ko Wan Tia 1.44 0
13 Mu Ko Rok Laem Thong Ao San Chao, Hat Thalu, Ao Man Sai, Hat Tarua, Laem Sayam 3.48 5
14 Mu Ko Haa Ko Haa Sam Lagoon The Chimney Point, Whip Coral Point, Ko Haa Yai coral beach, The Cathedral 0.16 0
15 Mu Ko Maa Ko Maa 0.1 0
16 More Islands Ko Raputang, Ko Kam Yai, Ko Kam Noi, Ko Klaueng 2 0
  Ko Lanta District Ban Saladan 339.7 30,500

Transport[edit]

The nearest airports are at Krabi, Trang, and Phuket. Krabi Airport, the most popular one for travel to Ko Lanta, is approximately 10 km from the provincial town and operates international flights to several foreign destinations.

The nearest train station is in Trang Province just south of Krabi. From there, there are trains to and from Bangkok.

There are regular, daily ferry boats operating between Ko Lanta and Krabi, Phuket, and Ko Phi Phi. A ferry run by Phetpaily departs daily from Klongdao Pier on Ko Lanta to Ko Ngai and Ko Mook.

There are only two main roads on Ko Lanta, one in the northeast and another in the southwest, which runs parallel to the beach. On Ko Lanta Noi there is just one main road in the east and a smaller one that links to the ferry pier. On the mainland, Highway 4206 connects with Khlong Thom District, passing Khlong Yang and Koh Klang sub-districts to a public car ferry at Baan Hua Hin. To get from the mainland of Thailand to Ko Lanta Yai, two public car ferries must be taken. A bridge connecting Ko Lanta to the mainland is currently under construction.

Ko Lanta National Park
Beach in Ko Lanta

Culture[edit]

Krabi and Ko Lanta incorporate a mix of Buddhists, Thai-Chinese, Muslims, and sea gypsies. The majority of the population in rural areas is Muslim. The area, however, has no apparent religious tension. Most of them speak with a thick Southern dialect that is difficult for even other Thais to understand. Given this multiculturalism, Krabi is always celebrating something, be it Thai Buddhist, Thai-Chinese, or Thai-Islamic tradition. Chao-le (sea gypsies) inhabit Ko Lanta and follow a lifestyle that has been relatively unaffected by the islands' tourism.[citation needed]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Island's area and population retrieved from the 2012 census

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Koh Lanta". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Archived from the original on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
  2. ^ "Mu Ko Lanta National Park". Department of National Parks (DNP) Thailand. Archived from the original on 1 July 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
  3. ^ "Climatological Data for the Period 1981–2010". Thai Meteorological Department. p. 28. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  4. ^ "ปริมาณการใช้น้ำของพืชอ้างอิงโดยวิธีของ Penman Monteith (Reference Crop Evapotranspiration by Penman Monteith)" (PDF) (in Thai). Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department. p. 118. Retrieved 8 August 2016.

External links[edit]