Komalay Shoreshgeri Zahmatkeshani Kurdistani Iran
|Founder||Foad Mostafa Soltani Hama Hussein Karimi Ebrahim Alizadeh|
|Split from||Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan|
Komala, Komalah (Kurdish: کۆمەڵە) or its full name Komalay Shoreshgeri Zahmatkeshani Kurdistani Iran (Organization of Revolutionary Toilers of Iranian Kurdistan) (Kurdish: کۆمالای سهۆرهسهگهر زاهماتکهسهان کوردستان ئران) is a Kurdish political party in Iran (see Iranian Kurdistan). The word Komele in Kurdish is derived from Komel (Society) and means "association". Komala is the Kurdish branch of the Communist Party of Iran.
One of Komalah's founders and its most prominent figure, Foad Mostafa Soltani, widely known as "Kak Foad", whom was executed by the regime of the Shah of Iran, is one of the most essential stories of Kurdish history and uprising in the struggle of the Kurdish cause.
Komalah is the first Kurdish political party to be based on and institute female peshmerga soldiers under the ideology of equality and parity. Gender equality have always been the core of prosperity in Komalah.
In 1967, Komala was founded and struggled against the government and policies of Shah for twelve years until 1979. In 1983 Komala formed a political organization with other Iranian Marxist and socialist groups called the Communist Party of Iran.
Young Kurdish students of Sanandaj and Marivan county, Kordestan, where Komalah to this day has its strongest influence, started uprisings against the Shah of Iran's regime. Their ambition was based on communism, marxism, Kurdish nationalism and the main goal, freedom in a sovereign state, Kurdistan. Under the last years of the regime of the Shah of Iran, Komalah played a major role in the resistance against landlords in Iran by organizing peasants, farmers and women in the county of Marivan. Komalah found much support, immediately after the Iranian revolution among young men and women and well-educated urban people. At this period, Komalah calls itself Marxist–Leninist, and was more uncompromising than the KDPI in its attitude and awareness toward the central authorities, landlords and tribal chieftains and also towards the Tudeh Party and the Soviet Union. Through many internal reforms and problems with the ideology it was based on, Komalah fused with three ideologically related Iranian organizations as a consequence, known as CPI. Abdullah Muhtadi, Komalah's leader, became its secretary-general.
Komalah's program contains several variants of democracy. Proletarian struggle against capitalism, anti-revisionism since they consider revisionism to be the greatest obstacle against the struggle against capitalism. Komalah presents its objective as a "revolutionary democratic republic" based on sovereignty of the people. The professional army, the army who considers and takes action to oppress and manipulate the people and the democratic grounds for a dictatorship through and with bureaucracy, will be abolished. And all nations will have the unconditional right to self-determination; complete equality of all will be guaranteed.
- The Kurdish nationalist movement: opportunity, mobilization, and identity, by David Romano, p.224/5.
- Komele, Dicts.info.
- Entessar, Nader. Kurdish Politics in the Middle East. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2010. p. 50
- The Kurdish nationalist movement: opportunity, mobilization, and identity, by David Romano, p. 239.
- IRAN'S NEW REGIME: HOSTILE TO ITS PEOPLE, INCOMPATIBLE WITH THE WORLD (INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM “ Which way is Iran going? ”) Kurdish Institute of Paris, 16 June 2006
- Komala's Official site
- Komala's Political Program
- Komala's Tactic and Political Struggle
- Komala's Organizing Elements and Komala's Formation Chart