Kosovo je Srbija

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"Kosovo je Srbija" (Serbian Cyrillic: Косово је Србија; English: Kosovo is Serbia) is a slogan used in Serbia since at least 2004,[1][2] popularised as a reaction to Kosovo's[a] declaration of independence from Serbia on 17 February 2008.[3] The slogan has been used by a series of protests, and by the Serbian Government.[4] The slogan has appeared on T-shirts and in graffiti and was placed on the websites of Kosovan institutions by hackers in 2009. The slogan is used by Serbs across the world.[5]

Protests[edit]

Kosovo je Srbija demonstration in Vienna
2008 Serbia protests, at the intersection on the way to the Cathedral of Saint Sava on February 21, 2008 in Belgrade
Posters supporting Kosovo as a part of Serbia at the Prešov Down-town Railway Stop in Slovakia
Kosovo je Srbija graffiti on the Berlin Wall
  • A Kosovo je Srbija rally organised by the Serbian government was held on 21 February 2008 in Belgrade in front of the Parliament, with around 200,000[6][7]–500,000[8] people attending. The US Embassy was set on fire by a small group of protesters.[9] A small protest also occurred in London[10] and 5,000 protesters demonstrated in Kosovska Mitrovica the following day.[6] Kosovo police were injured during a protest by 150 war veterans at a border crossing on 25 February.[11]
  • Violent protests using the slogan occurred in Montenegro after the government recognised the independence of Kosovo in October 2008.[12]

Notable uses[edit]

  • In March 2008, American-born Serbian swimmer Milorad Čavić won the European championship in the 50 m butterfly, setting the new European record, a result briefly quashed when the European Swimming Federation (LEN) disqualified the swimmer for wearing a T-shirt at the medals ceremony that read “Kosovo is Serbia” in Cyrillic.[13]
  • The Serbian tennis player Novak Djokovic used the phrase.[14]

Serbian media campaign[edit]

Solidarity - Kosovo is Serbia (Serbian: Солидарност - Косово је Србија) is a media campaign in Serbia launched by Petar Petković in the final months of the negotiations over Kosovo and organised with the participation of 25 notable Serbian public figures, among them: Bata Živojinović, Svetlana Bojković, Dragan Bjelogrlić, Sergej Trifunović, Dragan Jovanović, Bora Đorđević, Đorđe David, Miki Jevremović, Slađana Milošević, Merima Njegomir and Emir Kusturica.[15][16]

Reception[edit]

Historians Noel Malcolm and Andrea R. Nagy commented on the slogan. Malcolm argued that Kosovo was not the "cradle" of Serbia as it was held by Serbs only centuries after they settled in the Balkans and then only for 250 years before the Ottoman occupation. Kosovo was occupied by the Kingdom of Serbia in 1912 and became part of Yugoslavia, rather than Serbia, in 1918.[17] Nagy states that "In some sense this slogan is true", but notes that Kosovo was Serbian for only a short period.[18]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes:

a.   ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognized as an independent state by 112 out of 193 United Nations member states. 10 states have recognized Kosovo only to later withdraw their recognition.

References:

  1. ^ "Protest u organizaciji Vlade Srbije". B92 (in Serbo-Croatian). 19 March 2004. Retrieved 24 January 2010.
  2. ^ "Pomozite Srbima!". Glas Javnosti (in Serbo-Croatian). 19 March 2004. Retrieved 24 January 2010.
  3. ^ Spaić, Tamara (22 February 2008). "Kosovski zavet". Blic (in Serbo-Croatian). Retrieved 24 January 2010.
  4. ^ Zimonjic, Vesna Peric (18 December 2007). "Too Late, Billboards Show a Way". Inter Press Service. Archived from the original on 26 February 2008. Retrieved 24 January 2010.
  5. ^ Demolli, Lulzim; Translated by Nerimane Kamberi (12 October 2009). "Kosovo : la guerre des hackers serbes et albanais fait rage sur le net". Le Courrier des Balkans (in French). Retrieved 24 January 2010.
  6. ^ a b Tran, Mark (22 February 2008). "Police in standoff with Serb demonstrators over Kosovo". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 January 2010.
  7. ^ "Massive Kosovo rally held in Belgrade". B92. 22 February 2008. Archived from the original on 4 November 2012. Retrieved 24 January 2010.
  8. ^ Purvis, Andrew (22 February 2008). "US-Serb Tension Mounts Over Kosovo". Time. Retrieved 24 January 2010.
  9. ^ Wilkinson, Tracy (23 February 2008). "Kosovo fallout seen as dire". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 24 January 2010.
  10. ^ Cole, Matt (23 February 2008). "Kosovo protest passes off peacefully". BBC News. Retrieved 24 January 2010.
  11. ^ Tran, Mark; Allegra Stratton and agencies (25 February 2008). "Kosovo police injured in Serb protest". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 January 2010.
  12. ^ Howarth, Angus (14 October 2008). "Pro-Serbia protests rock Montenegro". The Scotsman. Retrieved 24 January 2010.
  13. ^ Parr, Derek (21 March 2008). "Swimming champion Cavic banned over t-shirt slogan". Reuters. Retrieved 24 January 2010.
  14. ^ https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=F4_JImnibhA
  15. ^ Martinović, Iva (12 November 2007). "Kampanja za Kosovo, zvuci 90-ih". Radio Free Europe. Retrieved 24 January 2010.
  16. ^ "Да ли нам је заиста свеједно". Politika (in Serbo-Croatian). Retrieved 13 January 2017.
  17. ^ Malcolm, Noel (26 February 2008). "Is Kosovo Serbia? We ask a historian". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 January 2010.
  18. ^ "Kosovo je Serbia". Yale School of Management. Archived from the original on 11 June 2010. Retrieved 24 January 2010.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]