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The Ländereinführungsgesetz (English: State establishing act), adopted on 22 July 1990 by the Volkskammer recreated the Länder in the German Democratic Republic where they had been abolished in 1952. Since the new länder were formed by merging the kreise of East Germany, their borders differ from the ones of 1947. Originally, it was supposed to come into force on 14 October. Eventually, this date was changed to 3 October, the date of reunification, by the Einigungsvertrag (English: Unification treaty).[1]

The act also was supposed to regulate the relationship of the state and the federal level. As, however, it did not come into force before reunification, these parts of the act were immediately superseded by the corresponding articles of the Basic Law and never had any significance.

The full official title of the act is "Verfassungsgesetz zur Bildung von Ländern in der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik" (English: Constitutional law for the creation of states in the German Democratic Republic)

Composition of the newly created states[edit]

The borders of the states as formed after World War II are grey. The borders of states as they were 1990 are displayed red..
State Previous bezirke Without the kreise Plus the kreise
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Neubrandenburg, Rostock and Schwerin Perleberg, Prenzlau and Templin -
Brandenburg Cottbus, Frankfurt/Oder and Potsdam Hoyerswerda, Jessen and Weißwasser Perleberg, Prenzlau and Templin
Sachsen-Anhalt Halle and Magdeburg Artern Jessen
Sachsen Dresden, Karl-Marx-Stadt/Chemnitz and Leipzig Altenburg and Schmölln Hoyerswerda and Weißwasser
Thüringen Erfurt, Gera and Suhl - Altenburg, Artern and Schmölln

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Die "KRR"-FAQ - Ländereinführungsgesetz" (in German). Retrieved 2010-04-18. 

External links[edit]