Lý Huệ Tông

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Lý Huệ Tông
Emperor of Đại Việt
Emperor of Đại Việt
Reign 15/11/1210–3/9/1226
Predecessor Lý Cao Tông
Successor Lý Chiêu Hoàng
Emperor of Lý Dynasty
Reign 15/11/1210–3/9/1226
Predecessor Lý Cao Tông
Successor Lý Chiêu Hoàng
Born 07/1194
Thăng Long
Died 3/9/1226 (aged 31-32)
Chân Giáo pagoda, Thăng Long
Burial Thọ Tomb
Spouse Trần Thị Dung
Issue Thuận Thiên (Trần dynasty empress)
Princess Phật Kim as Lý Chiêu Hoàng
Full name
Lý Sảm (李旵) or Lý Hạo Sảm(李昊旵)
Era dates
Kiến Gia (1210 – 10/1224).
Posthumous name
Tự Thiên Thống Ngự Khâm Nhân Hoành Hiếu Hoàng đế (自天捅御欽仁橫孝皇帝)
Temple name
Huệ Tông (惠宗)
House
Father Lý Cao Tông
Mother Empress An Toàn
Religion Buddhism

Lý Huệ Tông (chữ Hán 李惠宗; born Lý Sảm; 1194 – 1226) was the emperor of Vietnam from 1211 to 1224, the penultimate leader of the Lý Dynasty. During Lý Huệ Tông's rule, many members of the Trần family assumed key roles in the government, including Trần Thủ Độ. The Trần family later used its position of power to place a young Trần Cảnh (temple name Trần Thái Tông) on the throne to found the Trần Dynasty.[1]

Biography[edit]

In 1224, Lý Huệ Tông became mentally ill and the issue of succession became pressing. He had produced no male heirs, and so appointed his seven-year-old daughter Lý Chiêu Hoàng as his successor. Although a female ruler would likely not have been normally acceptable to the court, Trần Thủ Độ had a scheme to end the Lý Dynasty and place a Trần on the throne which depended on the existence of a young empress, and so Lý Chiêu Hoàng was accepted as empress. Lý Huệ Tông retired to become a Buddhist monk, although he lived only two more years. In 1226 Trần Thủ Độ, while consolidating the power of the newly founded Trần Dynasty by eliminating Lý family members and potential pretenders, induced Lý Huệ Tông to commit suicide.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anh Thư Hà & Hồng Đức Trần (2000). A Brief Chronology of Vietnam's History. p. 70. By the end of 1210, Sảm ascended the throne as emperor Lý Huệ Tông and appointed Trân Thị Dung as royal concubine and, in mid-1216, as Queen. Lý Huệ Tông and Trân Thị Dung had two princesses: Thuận Thiên (who got married to Trân). 
  • Chapuis, Oscar. A History of Vietnam: From Hong Bang to Tu Duc. pp. 79–81. Greenwood Publishing Group: London. 1995. Volume 5. [1]