La Grille

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La Grille is a volcano in the Comoros archipelago on the island of Grande Comore (also known as Ngazidja).

La Grille is a shield volcano at the northern end of island and lacks a summit caldera like its larger and more well-known neighbour to the south, Karthala volcano. The basaltic La Grille volcano also differs from Karthala in its abundance of pyroclastic cones up to 800m in height.[1] The cones were erupted along fissures running parallel to the summit ridge, which has an irregular profile and is elongated in a N-S direction, and from radial fissures that reach as far as the coast.[2] Recent lava flows, some possibly as young as a few hundred years, have reached the sea from fissures on the lower western, northern, and eastern flanks.

Geography[edit]

La Grille is located on the island of Grande Comore, a northern island of the Comoros archipelago in the Mozambique Channel in the Indian Ocean. The volcano is abutted on the south by Karthala, another volcano rising to 2361 meters. A road around the coast of Grande Comore runs along the east, north and west sides of La Grille, connecting Prince Said Ibrahim Airport to the west of the island. Many villages are located near the coast and on the volcano, where there are also electricity pylons.

La Grille appears as a mountain range running from north to south, reaching a slag height of 800 meters on average, and covered in stratovolcano cones,[3] giving the volcano a maximum altitude of 1087 meters.[2] Unlike its neighbour Karthala, La Grille does not have caldera. Different eruptive vents are located along the fissures that run along the volcano from north to south, parallel to the ridge of the mountain, and other cracks along the coast. Lava basalt sometimes escapes from these eruptive vents, sometimes reaching the sea to the east, north and west sides of the volcano. Many lava flows are still visible as few are rapidly recolonized by tropical Coconut trees on the island.

History[edit]

Although the exact date of the last eruption of La Grille is unknown, lava flows covering its sides and not yet recolonized by vegetation suggest that the volcano last erupted only a few hundred years ago.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Global Volcanism Program - La Grille". Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Global Volcanism Program - La Grille". Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  3. ^ "AIS ASECNA - Moroni (FMCH) aeronautical chart - COMORES". Retrieved 17 October 2016. 

Coordinates: 11°28′S 43°20′E / 11.47°S 43.33°E / -11.47; 43.33