The Lesson

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The Lesson
Ionesco The Lesson Shimer College 2011.jpg
Image from Shimer College production
Written byEugène Ionesco
CharactersProfessor • Pupil • Maid
Date premieredFebruary 1951 (1951-02)
Place premieredParis, France
Original languageFrench
Theatre of the Absurd

The Lesson (French: La Leçon) is a one-act play by French-Romanian playwright Eugène Ionesco. It was first performed in 1951 in a production directed by Marcel Cuvelier (who also played the Professor).[1] Since 1957 it has been in permanent showing at Paris' Théâtre de la Huchette, on an Ionesco double-bill with The Bald Soprano.[2] The play is regarded as an important work in the "Theatre of the Absurd".[3]

Plot summary[edit]

This play takes place in the office and dining room of a small French flat. The Professor, a man of 50 to 60, is expecting a new Pupil (aged 18). The Professor's Maid, a stout, red-faced woman of 40 to 50, worries about the Professor's health. As the absurd and nonsensical lesson progresses, the Professor grows more and more angry with what he perceives as the Pupil's ignorance, and the Pupil becomes more and more quiet and meek. Even her health begins to deteriorate, and what starts as a toothache develops into her entire body aching. At the climax of the play, after a long bout of non sequiturs (which are frequently used in Ionesco's plays), the Professor stabs and murders the Pupil. The play ends with the Maid greeting a new Pupil, taking the play full circle, back to the beginning.


The Danish choreographer Flemming Flindt adapted the play as the libretto to a score by Georges Delerue for his first ballet, The Private Lesson (Enetime) in 1963. The Professor in Flindt's adaptation is a ballet teacher.[4] The ballet was commissioned by Danish television and received its 1964 stage premiere in Paris with the Royal Danish Ballet on tour. Among other companies, it is danced by the Joffrey Ballet and the leading role has been performed by Rudolf Nureyev as well as other danseurs.[5] In 2009, PK Productions, under the direction of Patrick Kennedy staged the play at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival as a naturalistic drama.[6]


  1. ^ Banham (1998, 538).
  2. ^ "Paris Théâtre de la Huchette". Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 4 January 2022.
  3. ^ The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. "Theatre of the Absurd". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 1 June 2020. {{cite web}}: |last1= has generic name (help)
  4. ^ Clive Barnes (December 8, 1965). "Flemming Flindt Work Has Debut Here; "Private Lesson" Based on Ionesco Play". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-03-12.. The date of Clive Barnes' December 1965 review was given incorrectly as October 8 in the New York Times' March 12, 2009, obituary of Flindt.
  5. ^ Jack Anderson (March 12, 2009). "Flemming Flindt, Dancer, Dies at 72". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-03-12.
  6. ^ [1][dead link]


  • Banham, Martin, ed. 1998. The Cambridge Guide to Theatre. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. ISBN 0-521-43437-8.

External links[edit]