Grace Marguerite Hay Drummond-Hay
|Lady Hay Drummond-Hay|
Grace Marguerite Lethbridge
12 September 1895|
Liverpool, England, UK
|Died||12 February 1946
Manhattan, New York, US
|Spouse(s)||Sir Robert Hay Drummond-Hay (1920–1925; his death)|
Grace Marguerite, Lady Hay Drummond-Hay (born Grace Marguerite Lethbridge, 12 September 1895 – 12 February 1946) was a British journalist, who was the first woman to travel around the world by air (in a zeppelin). Although she was not an aviator herself at first, she contributed to the glamour of aviation and general knowledge of it, by writing articles about her aerial adventures for US newspapers in the late 1920s and early 1930s.
Grace Lethbridge was the eldest daughter of Sidney Thomas Lethbridge and his wife Grace Emily (née Willis). She was married in 1920 to Sir Robert Hay Drummond-Hay (1846–1925) at the age of 25, her husband being nearly fifty years older. Sir Robert was born in Tangiers, Morocco and had been the British consul-general for years in Beirut, Lebanon. Sir Robert was previously married to Euphemia Katrina Willis Flemming. Four children were produced in this marriage, Arnold Robert, Edward William, Cecil, and Florence Caroline. The children were all significantly older than their new stepmother, Florence Caroline being 15 years older. After six years of marriage, Sir Robert died. Lady Drummond-Hay then was 31 years old. As a young aristocratic widow she lived in her apartment in London.
Having contributed to British papers such as The Sphere, she began to write for Hearst papers in the late 1920s. She wrote a series of articles for the Chicago Herald and Examiner, as one of the passengers aboard the first transatlantic flight of a civilian passenger zeppelin in 1928.
This airship, the LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin, was also the first one to circumnavigate the world, in 1929. This trip around the world took place in August 1929, taking off at Lakehurst, New Jersey and arriving there again 21 days later, after stops in Friedrichshafen, Germany, Tokyo, and Los Angeles. Captain Hugo Eckener commanded Graf Zeppelin on the flight. Lady Hay Drummond-Hay, or Lady Drummond-Hay, as she was often referred to, was the only female passenger. Among her companion travellers were:
- Australian explorer Sir George Hubert Wilkins
- American multi-millionaire William B. Leeds
- Commander Charles Emery Rosendahl (USN)
- Naval observer Jack C. Richardson
- Hearst correspondent Karl von Wiegand
- Hearst photographer Robert Hartman
- Spanish newspaper correspondent Joachim Rickard
- German correspondent Heinz von Eschwege-Lichbert
- Spanish physician Geronimo Megias, the personal doctor of Spanish King Alfonso XIII.
Lady Drummond-Hay was very concerned when she was told by Hearst that Karl von Wiegand was to be her mentor on the voyage. She had had an affair with him, which had only ended six months before, at his insistence and to her regret. Apparently the affair was briefly resumed during the Tokyo stopover but stopped again after he received a telegram from his wife. After the flight they remained journalistic companions until Lady Drummond-Hay's death seventeen years later.
Lady Drummond-Hay gained fame after she arrived in New York, and her career as a journalist was secured for the next decade.
She went to war zones such as Abyssinia (Ethiopia) and was a foreign correspondent in Manchuria (China). She worked closely together for many years with her senior colleague Karl von Wiegand. Lady Drummond-Hay was a well-known and respected journalist of the time, known for her extraordinary beauty and wit, and the intelligence and flair of her writing. Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie presented her with a precious jewel, which was displayed on her body at her funeral.
During World War II, Lady Drummond-Hay and von Wiegand were interned in a Japanese camp in the Philippines. When they were set free in 1945, she was very ill. They returned to the United States, but during their stay in New York, Lady Drummond-Hay died of coronary thrombosis in the Lexington Hotel. At her funeral service, many notable people paid their last respects, including William Randolph Hearst and Marion Davies. After she was cremated, her ashes were brought to the United Kingdom by von Wiegand.
Though well-known in the late 1920s and early 1930s, Lady Hay Drummond-Hay has been largely forgotten. Her name is mentioned in a number of books on the history of zeppelin flights, but no major biography or other significant document has been written about her life.
An Australian documentary, The Airships: Ship Of Dreams (2004), included footage of her.
Lady Drummond-Hay's 1929 experience was explored in Vaarwel ("Farewell"), an episode of the Dutch documentary series Het Uur van de Wolf ("The Hour of the Wolf"), released in 2009. It was directed by Ditteke Mensink and researched by Gerard Nijssen, and told her story in semidocumentary form. The footage is of her and Graf Zeppelin's round-the-world flight. Extensive newsreel footage from the time showed in some detail how an airship operated. The narration consisted mainly of readings from Lady Drummond-Hay's articles and journal, and included discussion of her relationship with von Wiegand.
However, some parts of the film are fictitious; the airship's tail fin did not rip during the flight, but during a previous transatlantic flight in October 1928, nor did the airship have to land on water to do repairs.
- Sir Robert Hay-Drummond-Hay, ThePeerage.com website, 28 March 2009.
- Los Angeles to Lakehurst, Time magazine, 9 September 1929
- "Around the World by Zeppelin" (BBC programme)
- Time, Time magazine, 25 February 1946
- TV Documentary, The Airships: Ship Of Dreams, Rob McAuley Production, 2004
- Het Uur van de Wolf: Vaarwel, HollandDoc.nl website.
- 1929: Im Zeppelin um die Welt, ZweitAusendeins.de website (German).
- Farewell, TVO.ca, (program viewable in Canada).
- Felperin, Leslie. Review: "Farewell", Variety.com website, 6 December 2009.
Media related to Lady Grace Drummond-Hay at Wikimedia Commons
- Lady Grace Drummond-Hay photographs and biography
- "Lady Grace Drummond-Hay Letter to Clara Adams from the LZ-129 Hindenburg". airships.net. 2008. Retrieved 7 March 2008. (letter is dated 8 May 1936)
- Lady Drummond-Hay's letter to Shorty Fulton, from summitmemory.org
- Lady Drummond-Hay on the Graf Zeppelin as it launches from Lakehurst, from summitmemory.org
- Photograph of Lady Drummond-Hay and Captain von Schiller on the Graf Zeppelin's catwalk, from antique-images.com
- "Around the World by Zeppelin" (BBC programme)