North East Lancashire (UK Parliament constituency)
|North East Lancashire|
|Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||two|
|Created from||North Lancashire|
North East Lancashire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The constituency was created by the Reform Act of 1867 and replaced the North Lancashire Parliamentary constituency, a county division with two seats.
It was represented by two Members of Parliament. The new North East division of Lancashire comprised the hundred of Blackburn, apart from the areas included within the Parliamentary boroughs of Burnley and Blackburn. The area of the modern Hyndburn constituency, which lies between the two towns of Burnley and Blackburn, was therefore represented by the two MPs for the North East Lancashire division as a result of these changes.
Boundary Commission Review 1868
The 1868 review carried out by the Boundary Commission followed the Representation of the People Act 1867. This Act appointed the Commission to inquire into the boundaries of the new boroughs created by the Act; the counties the Act had newly divided, and to review all other existing boroughs that had not been disenfranchised by the Act. In inquiring into existing boroughs, the Commission had the power to recommend extension of borough boundaries if it thought this was appropriate. This Act also increased the number of Members representing each of the growing industrial cities of Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool and Leeds, from two to three.13 The Commissioners conducted local inquiries and reported in 1868.
In Lancashire, as well as the additional Members for Liverpool and Manchester, Salford also gained an extra seat, taking it to two Members. Burnley was created as a Parliamentary borough with the right to return a single Member. Lancaster was abolished as a Parliamentary borough as a result of corrupt practices at the previous general election. The boundaries of the following Parliamentary boroughs were altered but the number of Members remained the same as constituted by the 1832 reforms: Ashton-under-Lyne, Blackburn, Bolton, Oldham, Preston and Rochdale.
The county divisions of Lancashire were further divided. From 1868 there were four divisions of the county, each returning two Members. The boundaries were first used in the election that occurred in the November and December 1868 and they gave Lancashire a total of 32 Members of Parliament across the county. (In this review Stalybridge, which was partly in Cheshire and partly in Lancashire, was granted the status of a Parliamentary borough but is not considered part of Lancashire for this note).
Members of Parliament
- Constituency created (1868)
|Election||1st Member||1st Party||2nd Member||2nd Party|
|1868||James Maden Holt||Conservative||John Pierce Chamberlain Starkie||Conservative|
|1880||Spencer Cavendish||Liberal||Frederick William Grafton||Liberal|
- Constituency abolished (1885)
Elections in the 1870s
|Conservative||James Maden Holt||4,578||25.8|
|Conservative||John Pierce Chamberlain Starkie||4,488||25.3|
|Turnout||8,882 (est)||86.7 (est)|
Elections in the 1880s
|Liberal||Frederick William Grafton||6,513||27.6||+3.4|
|Conservative||William Farrer Ecroyd||5,231||22.2||−3.6|
|Conservative||John Pierce Chamberlain Starkie||5,185||22.0||−3.3|
|Turnout||11,806 (est)||90.9 (est)||+4.2|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+3.6|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+3.4|
Cavendish was appointed Secretary of State for India, requiring a by-election.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. p. 409. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "North-East Lancashire". Manchester Times. 31 January 1874. pp. 6–7. Retrieved 4 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))