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Lankatilaka Vihara

Coordinates: 7°14′02″N 80°33′54″E / 7.23384°N 80.56503°E / 7.23384; 80.56503
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Lankatilaka Vihara
ලංකාතිලක විහාරය
ProvinceCentral Province
LocationKandy, Sri Lanka
Geographic coordinates7°14′02″N 80°33′54″E / 7.23384°N 80.56503°E / 7.23384; 80.56503
TypeBuddhist Temple
FounderKing Bhuvanekabahu IV

Lankatilaka Vihara (Sinhala: ලංකාතිලක විහාරය) is a Buddhist temple situated in Udunuwara of Kandy, Sri Lanka. It is located on Daulagala road approximately 4 km (2.5 mi) away from Pilimatalawa junction and a few kilometres from the buddhist temple, Gadaladeniya Vihara. It is considered the most magnificent architectural edifice created during the Gampola era.[2]


The history of the temple goes back to the 14th century. According to historical reports this temple was built during the time of King Bhuvanekabahu IV, who reigned from 1341 to 1351 A.D.[3] He entrusted the construction of this temple to his Chief Minister named Senalankadhikara, who successfully finished the works of this temple. The architecture of the temple was designed by a South Indian architect named Sathapati Rayar.[citation needed] According to Professor Senarath Paranavithana, Sathapati Rayar designed this temple using Tamil Pandya sculptors brought from Tamil Nadu in Hindu style.[citation needed] in the 13th century, Polonnaruwa era and also with other Dravidian and Indo Chinese architectural patterns.

The temple[edit]

A Buddha image with Makara Thorana

The vihara buildings have been built on a natural rock called Panhalgala Rock. Among the buildings, the image house possesses characteristically outstanding architectural features, embellished with traditional Sinhalese sculptures. According to the facts recorded in the Lankatilake copper plaque, this image house was constructed as a four-storied mansion with a height of eighty feet, but today only 3 stories can be seen. The walls and the ceiling of the image house have been adorned with the Kandyan era paintings and sculptures.

Rock curved inscriptions found in the temple premises with both Sinhala and Tamil sections, proclaim about the initiators and the facilities gifted to this temple by the kings.[4]


The image house of the Lankatilaka is enriched with six devales. The gods: Upulvan; Ganapathi; Saman; Vibhishana, Kataragama deviyo and Kumara Bandara are worshipped here.[5] Kumara bandara is believed to be the deity, who protects the Lankatilaka vihara.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Protercted Monument List 2012-12-12" (PDF). Department of Archaeology. 12 December 2012. Retrieved 27 March 2016.
  2. ^ "Gadaladeniya Vihara: Etched in stone Influenced by Hindu architecture". Sunday Observer. 10 February 2017.
  3. ^ "Lankatilaka Viharaya (Kandy)". Lankapradeepa. 27 January 2021.
  4. ^ Paranavitana, S. (1960). "Lankatilaka inscriptions". University of Ceylon Review. XVIII (1–2): 1–45.
  5. ^ Jayasuriya, E. (2016). A guide to the Cultural Triangle of Sri Lanka. Central Cultural Fund. p. 121-123. ISBN 978-955-613-312-7.