Large-crested toad

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Large-crested toad
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Incilius
Species: I. cristatus
Binomial name
Incilius cristatus
(Wiegmann, 1833)
Bufo cristatus distribution.svg

Bufo cristatus Wiegmann, 1833
Cranopsis cristata (Wiegmann, 1833)
Ollotis cristata (Wiegmann, 1833)
Bufo occipitalis Camerano, 1879

The large-crested toad (Incilius cristatus, formerly Bufo cristatus) is a critically endangered species of true toad that is endemic to cloud forests in the central Sierra Madre Oriental in Puebla and Veracruz, Mexico.[1][2] Once feared extinct, it has recently been rediscovered at two sites in Puebla where it is uncommon.[1] The reasons for its decline are habitat loss and pollution, and there are no recent records from Veracruz.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Santos-Barrera, Georgina; Canseco-Márquez, Luis; Carrillo, Luis (2010). "Incilius cristatus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2010: e.T54617A11175118. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T54617A11175118.en. Retrieved 24 December 2017. 
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Incilius cristatus (Wiegmann, 1833)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 9 December 2015. 

External links[edit]

Data related to Incilius cristatus at Wikispecies