Stairs, lit with electric lights, lead into the cavern.
|Length||4,972 meters (16,312 ft)|
|Discovery||1760s (first recorded exploration)|
Mississippian Loyalhanna limestone
|Access||Adults: $14 USD|
Seniors (65+): $11 USD
Children (12-18): $10 USD
Children (6-11): $10 USD
Children (0-5): free
Upper Caving (9 and up): $20 USD
Lower Caving (12 and up): $25 USD
Laurel Caverns, is the deepest cave in the northeastern United States and the largest in volume. Located in Farmington, Pennsylvania, it sits on Chestnut Ridge near Uniontown, about 50 miles (80 km) southeast of Pittsburgh.
It is a privately owned show cave with a three-hour-long guided tour penetrating 46 stories deep into the mountain interior. It is within a calcareous sandstone made up of 70% silica grains cemented together with 30% calcium carbonate and a small amount of iron oxide. The cave formed when the calcium carbonate was dissolved by groundwater allowing the silica to be washed away. This gives the cave rough walls, a sandy floor, and very few formations normally seen in the more common high calcium limestone caves. Laurel Caverns was also formed in an area of folded and fractured rock. Because of this, the entire cave is tilted thirteen degrees, resulting in many steep passageways. They tend to follow the fractures in the rock, resulting in a grid of long passageways.
The cave has been known since the 18th century, and probably used by the Native Americans long before that. It was home to about 25,000 bats before the advent of white-nose syndrome. It stays at a temperature of 12°C (52°F) year round.
- Official Laurel Caverns website
- Witek, Evan; King, Amanda (June 4, 2013). "Devastated bat population means more pests in Beaver County". The Beaver County Times. Bucks County, Pennsylvania: Calkins Media Incorporated.
The cavern has lost nearly all of a population that used to number 25,000 bats.
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