Lees, Greater Manchester or Chadderton, Oldham
|Died||13 November 1640 (aged 104)|
|Occupation||English bible translator|
Chaderton was born in Lees, or else Chadderton, both near Oldham, Lancashire, England, probably during September 1536, a son of Thomas Chaderton, a Catholic. His birth preceded the institution of parish baptism registers in England in 1538.
Under the tuition of Laurence Vaux, a priest, he became an able scholar. In 1564 he entered Christ's College, Cambridge, where, after a short time, he formally adopted the reformed doctrines and was in consequence disinherited by his father. In 1567 he was elected a fellow of his college, and subsequently was chosen lecturer of St Clement's Church, Cambridge, where he preached to admiring audiences for many years. He married Cecily Culverwell, which entailed giving up his fellowship.
He was a man of moderate views, though numbering among his friends extremists like Thomas Cartwright and William Perkins. So great was his reputation that when Sir Walter Mildmay founded Emmanuel College in 1584, he chose Chaderton for the first master, and on his expressing some reluctance, declared that if he would not accept the office the foundation should not go on.
In 1604 Chaderton was appointed one of the four divines for managing the cause of the Puritans at the Hampton Court Conference. He was also among the translators of the King James Version of the Bible. In 1578 he had taken the degree of B.D., and in 1613 he was created D.D. At this period he made provision for twelve fellows and above forty scholars in Emmanuel College. Fearing that he might have a successor who held Arminian doctrines, he resigned the mastership in favour of John Preston, but survived him, and lived also to see the college presided over successively by William Sancroft and Richard Holdsworth. He died at the age of about 104, preserving his bodily and mental faculties to the end.
Chaderton published a sermon preached at St Paul's Cross about 1580, and a treatise of his On Justification was printed by Anthony Thysius, professor of divinity at Leiden. Some other works by him on theological subjects remain in manuscript (as of 1911).
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chaderton, Laurence". Encyclopædia Britannica. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 787–788.
- Ffarington, William (1853). The Derby Household Books. p. 204.
- Baynes, T.S. (1833). The Encyclopaedia Britannica: a dictionary of arts, sciences, and general literature. 5. C. Scribner's sons. p. 371. Retrieved 2014-12-10.
- Lewis 1848, pp. 538–542.
- "Chaderton or Chatterton, Laurence (CHDN564L)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Francis J. Bremer, Tom Webster, Puritans and Puritanism in Europe and America: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia (2006), p. 51.
- "Emmanuel College | About | History & Archives | Famous Members". emma.cam.ac.uk. Retrieved 2014-12-10.
|Master of Emmanuel College, Cambridge