Law of Bolivia

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The law of Bolivia includes a constitution and a number of codes.

Constitution[edit]

Bolivia has had seventeen constitutions.

Sources[edit]

By 1840, sources of the law of Bolivia included: (1) Acts of the Peru-Bolivian Confederation, prior to the revolution of Bolivia. (2) Acts of the legislature of the Republic. Among these Acts there was a general code of laws, entitled Codigo Santa Cruz.[1] This title is evidently in imitation of the title of Code Napoleon; for Santa Cruz is the name of the general who was elected president of the Republic in 1828; and under his presidency, the Codigo was published. (3) Decisions of the Bolivian courts. (4) Spanish law. (5) Roman civil law. (6) The ancient Peruvian law, or the customs and usages of the country.[2]

Legislation[edit]

The legislature has been called the Congreso Nacional. The gazette is called Gaceta Oficial de Bolivia.[3]

List of legislation[edit]

Courts and judiciary[edit]

Courts have included the Corte Suprema de Justicia, Tribunal Constitucional and the Tribunal Supremo Electoral[6]

Criminal law[edit]

The Spanish Criminal Code of 1822 came into force in Bolivia on 2 April 1831. It was replaced by the Penal Code of 1834.[7] A Law of 3 September 1883 made provision in relation to perjury.[8] Bolivia now has a new Penal Code of 23 August 1972.[9][10]

There was a Code of Criminal Procedure of 6 August 1898.[11][12]This was replaced by the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1972.[13]

Copyright[edit]

As to copyright, see the law of 13 April 1992.

Mining[edit]

In 1892, the mining laws of Bolivia consisted of the Ley de mineria (Mining Law) promulgated on the 13 October 1880, and the Reglamento de la ley de mineria (Rules for the application of the Mining Law) made on the 28 October 1882. The International Bureau of the American Republics said that the "provisions of the Ley de mineria are simple and wise. They are contained in no more than twenty-seven articles and leave little room for casuistics or embarrassing technicalities."[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bolivia. Guide to Law Online. Law Library of Congress.
  • Bolivia. WorldLII.
  • Helen Lord Clagett. A Guide to the Law and Legal Literature of Bolivia. Library of Congress. Washington. 1947. (Latin American series, no 12). HathiTrust. Google Books: [1] [2] [3]. Reprinted by Gordon Press, New York, 1981. See also (1981) 13 Lawyer of the Americas 599 [4]
  • "American Law - 1. Bolivia" (1840) 20 Legal Observer 323 et seq
  • International Bureau of the American Republics. Bolivia: Geographical Sketch, Natural Resources, Laws, Economic Conditions, Actual development, Prospects of Future Growth. Government Printing Office. Washington. 1904. Internet Archive
  • A D Garman. Mining Laws of Bolivia. (Information Circular, volume 6140). U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of Mines. 1929. Google Books
  • International Bureau of the American Republics. "Bolivia". Mines and Mining Laws of Latin America. US Government Printing Office. 1892. Page 16 et seq. Google Books
  • Enrique Mallea Balboa. La Legislación Minera: Colección Completa de Leyes, Reglamentos, Decretos, Resoluciones, Ordenes y demás disposiciones concernientes á la adjudicación de las minas. "El Nacional" de I.V. Villa. 1901. Internet Archive
  • George A Makinson and Dayle C McDonough. Consignment Laws of Chile and Bolivia. (Trade Information Bulletin, volume 134). United States. Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. Government Printing Office. 1923. Google Books
  • Anna-Stina Ericson. Labor Law and Practice in Bolivia. United States Bureau of Labor Statistics. 1962. Google Books
  • William Francis Delaney. ". . . Bolivia and Paraguay". Reinsurance Laws of South America and Mexico. Insurance Society of New York. 1943. Page 29 et seq. Google Books.
  • Cecilia Medina Quiroga. The Legal status of Indians in Bolivia. Institute for the Development of Indian Law. 1977. Google Books
  • Carlos Walter Urquidi. A Statement of the Laws of Bolivia in Matters Affecting Business. General Secretariat, Organization of American States. 1974.
  • An Overview of Bolivia's Law of Popular Participation. Center for Latin American Studies, San Diego State University. Latin American Studies Student Organization. 1998. Google Books
  • Ley de la organización judicial. 1863. Google Books
  • Colección Oficial de Leyes, Decretos, Ordenes, & de la Republica Boliviana Anos 1825 y 1826. Imprenta Artistica: Socabaya No 20. La Paz, Bolivia. Google Books
  • Colección Oficial de Leyes, Decretos, Ordenes, Resoluciones &c que se han expidido para el regimen de la Republica Boliviana. Collegia de Artes for Bernadino Palacios. 1834. Google Books
  • Colección Oficial de Leyes, Decretos, Ordenes, Resoluciones Supremas que se han expidido para el regimen de la Republica Boliviana. Lopez. 1857. Google Books
  • Waltraud Q Morales. A Brief History of Bolivia. Second Edition. Facts on File, Infobase Publishing. 2010. Page 278 et seq.
  1. ^ Codigo Santa-Cruz, de Procedimientos Judiciales del Estado Nor-Peruano. Eusebio Aranda. Lima. 1836. Google Books
  2. ^ "American Law - 1. Bolivia" (1840) 20 Legal Observer 323 at 324
  3. ^ Bolivia. Guide to Law Online. Law Library of Congress.
  4. ^ Bolivia (Plurinational State of): Commercial Code. WIPO.
  5. ^ Bolivia (Plurinational State of): Law No. 1768. WIPO.
  6. ^ Bolivia. Guide to Law Online. Law Library of Congress.
  7. ^ Clagett, A Guide to the Law and Legal Literature of Bolivia, p 36
  8. ^ Clagett, A Guide to the Law and Legal Literature of Bolivia, p 37
  9. ^ Codigo Penal, Organisation of American States. Bolivia (Plurinational State of): Penal Code, WIPO.
  10. ^ Paola Gaeta. The UN Genocide Convention: A Commentary. OUP. pp xxviii, 65, 113, 114.
  11. ^ René David. International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law. Brill. 1972. Volume 1. Page 52.
  12. ^ Adhémar Esmein, René Garraud and Carl Joseph Anton Mittermaier. A History of Continental Criminal Procedure. Little, Brown. 1913. (Continental Legal History series, volume 5). Page 595. Google Books
  13. ^ Graeme R Newman, Janet P Stamatel and Hung-En Sung (eds). "Code of Criminal Procedure" in "Bolivia". Crime and Punishment around the World. ABC CLIO. 2010. Volume 2 (The Americas). Page 55.
  14. ^ International Bureau of the American Republics. "Bolivia". Mines and Mining Laws of Latin America. US Government Printing Office. 1892. Page 16 et seq. Google Books