Pitch is defined as the axial distance between adjacent threads on a helix or screw. In most screws, called "single start" screws, which have a single helical thread along their length, the lead and pitch are equal. They only differ in "multiple start" screws, which have several intertwined threads. In these screws, the lead is equal to the pitch multiplied by the number of "starts".
Lead angle is the angle between the helix and a plane of rotation. It is the complement of the helix angle, and is used for convenience in worms and hobs. It is understood to be at the standard pitch diameter unless otherwise specified.
The lead angle can be expressed as:
- l is lead of the helix
- dm is mean diameter of the helix
In American literature λ is used to notate the Lead Angle. In European literature, Υ (Greek letter gamma) may be used.
- Gear Nomenclature, Definition of Terms with Symbols. American Gear Manufacturers Association. p. 72. ISBN 1-55589-846-7. OCLC 65562739. ANSI/AGMA 1012-G05.
- "Thread form terms". Retrieved 2008-12-22.
- Juvinall & Marshek. Fundamentals of machine component design. John Wiley & Sons Asia: 2006. Page 391.