Lectionary 451

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Minuscule 451
New Testament manuscript
Text New Testament
Date 1052
Script Greek
Found Athens, 1886
Now at Duke University
Size 30.7 cm by 23.2 cm

Lectionary 451, designated by sigla 451 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, written on 242 parchment leaves (30.7 cm by 23.2 cm). Palaeografically it had been assigned to the 11th century.


The codex contains Lessons from the Gospels John, Matthew and Luke. It is a lectionary (Evangelistarium). The text is written in two columns per page, in 22-23 lines per page.[1][2]

The manuscript was written by Clement the monk who signed and dated the colophon on f. 242v (in Greek):

"Written in the month of July 20, indiction 5, year 6560 [i.e., A. D. 1052]; presented by Clement the worthless monk to the monastery of the most holy Mother of God of the Cave."[3]


Formerly the codex was held in Athens, known for scholars since 1886.[2] It was purchased by K. W. Clark and currently is housed at the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of the Duke University (Gk MS 85) at Durham.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 247.
  2. ^ a b Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments1. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 427. 
  3. ^ The Kenneth Willis Clark Collection

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Lectionary 451 at the Kenneth Willis Clark Collection of Greek Manuscripts