Lemon-bellied white-eye

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Lemon-bellied white-eye
Yellow-bellied White-eye (Zosterops chloris).jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Zosteropidae
Genus: Zosterops
Species: Z. chloris
Binomial name
Zosterops chloris
Bonaparte, 1850

The lemon-bellied white-eye (Zosterops chloris) is a species of bird in the family Zosteropidae. It is endemic to Indonesia, where it occurs on a number of islands from the Sunda Strait to the Aru Islands. It is present on several of the Lesser Sunda Islands as well as on parts of Sulawesi, as well as many smaller islands, but is absent from the larger islands of Borneo, Java, Sumatra and Timor. Currently (May 2017), HBW describes five sub-species of lemon-bellied white-eye.[2] However, the extensive distribution of Z. c. intermedius (including S. Sulawesi, SE. Sulawesi, C. Lesser Sundas and small islands in between) is likely to contain more than one reproductively isolated population (cf. Z.c. intermedius and Z. c. flavissimus).

The lemon-bellied white-eye's natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical mangrove forests. On the islands of Buton and Kabaena the lemon-bellied white-eye appears limited to coastal regions, perhaps as a result of competition with the pale-bellied white-eye. Observations from Buton suggest that the lemon-bellied white-eye prefers more disturbed habitats.[3] Their diet consists of invertebrates, fruits, and nectar. They have strong dark grey legs, a dark colored beak, and generally range in size from 11–12 cm. They are a yellow-olive color on the dorsal side, with characteristic bright yellow underparts. The sub-species Z.c. flavissimus, found on the Wakatobi Islands, is described as being the yellowest of the sub-species.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Zosterops chloris". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ van Balen, S (2008). Family Zosteropidae (White-eyes). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., & Christie, D.A. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 13. Penduline-tits to Shrikes. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. pp. 402–485. ISBN 9788496553453. 
  3. ^ Martin, Thomas Edward; Blackburn, George Alan (2010). "Impacts of Tropical Forest Disturbance Upon Avifauna on a Small Island with High Endemism: Implications for Conservation". Conservation and Society. 8: 127–39 – via http://www.conservationandsociety.org. 
  • COATES, B. J. & BISHOP, K. D. 1997. A guide to the birds of Wallacea : Sulawesi, the Moluccas and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia, Alderley, Qld., Dove.