Leucocoprinus fragilissimus

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Leucocoprinus fragilissimus
Leucocoprinus fragillissimus 38188.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Agaricaceae
Genus: Leucocoprinus
Species: L. fragilissimus
Binomial name
Leucocoprinus fragilissimus
(Berk. & M.A.Curtis) Pat. (1900)
Synonyms[2]

Hiatula fragilissima Ravenel (1853)[1]
Lepiota fragilissima (Ravenel) Morgan (1907)

Leucocoprinus fragilissimus
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium

cap is campanulate

or convex
hymenium is free
stipe has a ring
spore print is white
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: unknown

Leucocoprinus fragilissimus, commonly known as the fragile dapperling,[3] is a species of gilled mushroom in the family Agaricaceae.

Taxonomy[edit]

The species was first documented by French mycologist Narcisse Théophile Patouillard in 1900.[4]

Description[edit]

The cap of the fruit body is up to 4.5 cm (1.8 in) wide, bell-shaped when young and growing to convex in maturity. It has a pale yellow colour that fades with age, and white gills. The narrow stalk is between 1 and 3 mm thick and very fragile.[5]

Similar species[edit]

Leucocoprinus magnicystidiosus is a similar mushroom, with a darker disc and larger cheilocystidia.[5]

Habitat and distribution[edit]

Like all Leucocoprinus species, L. fragilissimus is a saprotroph, living on very decayed plant matter (humus or compost). It grows solitarily or sparsely in wooded areas.[6] The species is found in southern North America, South America, southern Europe, Africa, southern and eastern Asia, Australia, and New Zealand.[3]

Toxicity and chemistry[edit]

The toxicity of this mushroom is unknown.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Berkeley MJ, Curtis MA. (1853). "Centuries of North American fungi". Annals and Magazine of Natural History. 12: 417–35. 
  2. ^ "Leucocoprinus fragilissimus (Berkeley & M.A. Curtis) Patouillard 1900". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2012-03-31. 
  3. ^ a b Roberts P, Evans S. (2011). The Book of Fungi. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press. p. 214. ISBN 978-0226721170. 
  4. ^ Patouillard N. (1900). Essai taxonomique sur les familles et les genres des Hyménomycètes (in French). Lons-Le-Saunier: Lucien Declume. p. 171. 
  5. ^ a b c Bessette, Alan; Bessette, Arleen (1997). Mushrooms of northeastern North America. Syracuse University Press. p. 191. 
  6. ^ "Mushroom, the Journal of Wild Mushrooming". Retrieved 28 March 2012.