Lidiya Tseraskaya (Russian: Лидия Петровна Цераская) (1855 - 1931) was a Soviet astronomer.
Born in Astrakhan. Graduated from the Teacher's Institute in Petersberg. Worked at the Moscow Observatory. Discovered 219 variable stars, among them (1905) RV Tauri variable and recognized its uniqueness. The Venusian crater Tseraskaya was named after her.
Tseraskaya was married to Vitol'd (or Witold) Karlovich Tseraskiy (or Ceraski), who was Professor of Astronomy as Moscow University. Her academic papers were published as "W. Ceraski".
- (in English) FindTheData : Where does the name for the astrogeological feature Tseraskaya come from? Archived 2013-07-04 at Archive.today
- Hockey, Thomas; Trimble, Virginia; Williams, Thomas R.; Bracher, Katherine; Jarrell, Richard A.; Marché, Jordan D.; Ragep, F. Jamil (2009). The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. Bibcode:2009bea..book.....H.