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|Birth name||Elisabeth Dorathea Driessen|
|Born||12 December 1941|
Bandoeng, Dutch East Indies
|Died|| (aged 78)|
|Associated acts||Jacques Brel|
Elisabeth Dorathea List, generally known as Liesbeth List (December 12, 1941 – March 25, 2020) was a Dutch singer, stage actress and television personality. She became popular during the 1960s and frequently collaborated with Ramses Shaffy. She also sang Jacques Brel's chansons in Dutch translation.
List was born in Bandoeng, Dutch East Indies (present-day Indonesia), as Elisabeth "Elly" Dorathea Driessen. Her parents were separated in 1942 when during the Japanese occupation of the Dutch East Indies, her father was forced to work in coal mines. Elly and her mother were sent to one of the many camps set up exclusively to imprison Dutch occupants of Indonesia; such camps were known under the Dutch nickname "jappenkamp" (Jap-Camp). The circumstances in which Elly and her mother lived in the camp were very hard on her mother, who developed depression. Four years later, the Netherlands freed the East Indies of the Japanese occupation and Elly and her mother were set free. They were reunited with their father and husband, but a few weeks later, Elly's mother committed suicide.
Elly and her father returned to the Netherlands, where her father remarried. His new wife, however, frequently clashed with Elly. At the age of seven, children's services took Elly away. It was thought her father was deceased, and she was placed in an orphanage. After it was revealed her father was still alive, she was placed back with her father and stepmother.
In 1948, during a trip to the Dutch island of Vlieland, Elly's stepmother was told that the owner of a hotel on Vlieland and his wife were seeking to adopt a child. Elly was subsequently given up by her father and adopted by this couple, whose surname was List.
1958–68: television, theatre and music
As a teenager, List was very interested in culture and music. At age 18, in 1959 she moved to Amsterdam, where she studied fashion and had a job as a secretary. She appeared in the AVRO talent show "Nieuwe Oogst", after which she was signed to collaborate with legendary Dutch singer Ramses Shaffy (1933–2009) in the theatre show Shaffy Chantant. They first started this show, in which they performed well-known chansons, in 1964. In 1965, the duo was awarded the Europe Cup for Best Singing Performance in Knokke, Belgium. This caused List to focus on a musical career and she released her debut album in 1966. In 1967, Mikis Theodorakis asked her to collaborate on an LP of his Mauthausen Ballad, describing the persecution of Jews during the Second World War in dramatic chansons. The LP was a critical and commercial success. List was also successful with an LP containing cover versions of songs by Jacques Brel: the LP was certified gold.
1969–90: expanded career
In 1969, List was awarded a press prize at a television festival in Montreux. The prize was awarded to her for her contribution in a television series. Because of this foreign acclaim, List focused more on international success. She started recording more cover versions of well-known artists, such as Gilbert Bécaud. List's success continued with the release of more LPs and a continued acting career in television, film, and stage. In 1972 she recorded and album with the American singer, songwriter Rod McKuen: 'Two against the morning'. In 1973 she recorded the album 'Meet lovely Liesbeth List' in England. Her album: 'Liesbeth List sings Jacques Brel' was released in 1972 in the USA. In 1976 she recorded an album with songs of Charles Aznavour 'Charles Aznavour presents: Liesbeth List'. She sang with him the duet: 'Don't say a word.'
List took a short break when she became pregnant with her first child; she and husband Robert Braaksma had a daughter, Elisah, in 1983, when List was 41. List ceased her activities for six years to care for her child. In 1988, List made her return to the public eye, starring in a theatre programme titled "List NU". In 1990, she started on a similar show, but it gained neither critical nor commercial success, therefore List accepted that her career had ended.
In the 90s singer, songwriter and producer Frank Boeijen revived List's career. She recorded two albums with him: in 1994 List and in 1996 Noach. In 1995 she received an Edison for the first, which is one of the highest musical honors awarded in The Netherlands. In 1999 she released Vergezicht which contains the song Heb Het Leven Lief (Love life) which she sang in 2007 at the memorial celebration for Jos Brink, with whom she had performed in a musical Het Hemelbed to great acclaim. She was also approached by Albert Verlinde to star in his musical about Edith Piaf's life. She started this in 1999 and did 170 shows of Piaf, de Musical. Because of its success, and the many requests to bring the musical back, she reprised the role during 2008 and 2009. In 2000 and in 2008, she won the coveted John Kraaijkamp Musical Award[circular reference] for this role. In 2009 she released a new CD called Verloren & Gewonnen. In 2015, she released what would be her last album, a tribute album to Ramses Shaffy titled Echo, which contained covers of songs by Shaffy.
In 2017, List decided to retire from music because she was developing dementia due to brain damage she had sustained in a car accident earlier in life. She died in her sleep on March 25, 2020, after spending the last years of her life in an assisted-living facility.
- Liesbeth List 1966
- Liesbeth List Sings Theodorakis 1967
- Pastorale 1968
- Zingt Jacques Brel, Phillips Netherlands 849 010 PY, 1969
- Victoria 1970
- Neuremberger Droom 1971
- Two against the morning Philips Records 1972
- Meet lovely Liesbeth List Philips Records 1973
- Foto 1974
- Samen (met Ramses Shaffy) 1976
- Charles Aznavour presents: Liesbeth List Philips Records 1976
- Madame Melancholie 1977
- Meisjes van Dertig 1979
- Voor vanavond en daarna 1982
- List 1994
- Noach 1996
- Vergezicht 1999
- Van Shaffy tot Piaf 2001
- Heb het leven lief 2001
- Portret 2002
- Carre Vedetten Gala 2006
- Verloren en Gewonnen 2009
- Echo 2015
- Verburg, Alex Het voorlopige leven van Liesbeth List, published by Archipel 2001, ISBN 90-6305-010-0 (Dutch language)
- Verburg, Alex Intiem. De herinneringen van Liesbeth List, published by Witsand/ Archipel, 2010, ISBN 90-6305-574-9 (Dutch language)
- Dave Boomkens, Liesbeth List, de dochter van de vuurtorenwachter, published by Luitingh-Sijthoff, 2017. ISBN 978-90-245-7567-1 (Dutch language)
- "Zangeres Liesbeth List (78) overleden". NPO/NOS. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
- Birchmeier, Jason. "Ramses Shaffy". Allmusic. Retrieved 22 August 2011.
- "edison.nl". Retrieved 3 August 2020.
- Trouw. "Liesbeth List Eert Jos Brink". Retrieved 3 August 2020.
- Theater De Veste. "Het Hemelbed, de musical". Retrieved 3 August 2020.
- "Lijst van winaars van een Musical Award". Wikipedia.nl. Retrieved 3 August 2020.
- "5 dingen die je nog diet wist over Liesbeth List". libelle.nl. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
- "Liesbeth List overladen of 78-jarige leeftijd". Hart van Nederland. 27 March 2020.
- "Liesbeth List kent bijna niemand meer, behalve Ramses". Welingelichtekringen.nl. Retrieved 29 March 2020.