Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios
The Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) was a Mexican association of revolutionary artists and writers. It was established in the house of its first president Leopoldo Méndez in 1933 in due to the disbanded "Sindicato de Trabajadores Técnicos, Pintores y Escultores" (syndicate of technical workers, painters and sculptors), and was defined as the Mexican section of the International Union of Revolutionary Writers, which was founded by the Comintern in the Soviet Union in 1930.
The first secretary of the organization was Luis Arenal. Further members from day one were Juan de la Cabada, Pablo O'Higgins, Xavier Guerrero, Ermilo Abreu Gómez, Alfredo Zalce, Fernando Gamboa, Santos Balmori, Clara Porcet, Ángel Bracho and many others.
The LEAR members propagated revolutionary mindset in their writings and art works, and were engaged against the national political development, especially against government art censorship, as well against political violation of universal peace by war, by Hitler's and Mussolini's policy, by the Spanish Civil War and other similar reasons. Organ of the LEAR was the paper Frente a Frente, which was illustrated by Pablo O'Higgins and others.
After the Mexican artists got more artistic license in their work by the liberal government of 1934, the LEAR dispersed in 1938.
- Eduardo Espinosa Campos: Pablo O’Higgins - Cronología de su obra gráfica (spanisch).