List of electric aircraft

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This is a list of electric aircraft, whose primary flight power is electrical.

Type Country Class Power Source Role Date Status Notes
AC Propulsion SoLong US UAV Solar 2005 First around-the-clock flight, at night using energy stored in batteries.[1][2]
Aerovironment Bionic Bat US Propeller Hybrid Experimental Prototype [3]
AgustaWestland Project Zero Italy UAV Cable Experimental 2011 Prototype First large-scale all-electric tilt-rotor.[4]
Air Energy AE-1 Silent Germany Motor glider Battery 1998 Production
Airbus A³ Vahana US Propeller Battery Experimental 2018 Prototype [5]
Airbus E-Fan France Propeller Battery Trainer 2014 Cancelled Co-developed with Aero Composite Saintonge.[6][7]
Alisport Silent Club Italy Motor glider Battery Production First production electric aircraft.[8][citation needed]
APEV Pouchelec France Battery 2009 Prototype Development of the Pouchel Light.[9][10]
APEV Demoichelle France Battery 2010 Prototype Development of the Demoichelle. [11] The Demoichelle Flew in Le Bourget for the 2010 Paris electric aeroplanes airshow. [12]
AstroFlight Sunrise US UAV Solar Experimental 1975 Prototype First solar-powered flight. The improved Sunrise II flew in 1975.[13][14][15]
Boeing Fuel Cell Demonstrator (FCD) US Motor glider Fuel cell Experimental 2008 Prototype

Modified Diamond HK-36 Super Dimona.[16][17]

Bye Aerospace Sun Flyer 2 US Propeller Battery Two-seat trainer 2016 Project [18]
Bye Aerospace Sun Flyer 4 US Propeller Battery Four-seat touring aircraft 2018 Project [19][20]
Cessna 172 electric US Propeller Battery Experimental 2010 Demonstrator only [21][22] On 19 October 2012 Beyond Aviation announced that it had flown an electric Cessna 172 Skyhawk.[23]
DigiSky SkySpark Fuel cell Converted Pioneer Alpi 300.[24][25]
e-Genius Germany Battery Experimental 2011 Prototype [26][27][28]
EADS Green Cri-Cri Battery Experimental 2010 Prototype Converted Colomban Cri-cri.[29][30]
Electric Aircraft Corporation ElectraFlyer Trike US Motor glider Battery Private 2007 Production Ultralight. First commercial offering of an electric aircraft.[31][32][citation needed]
Electric Aircraft Corporation ElectraFlyer-C US Motor glider Battery Private 2008 Production Converted Monnett Moni motor glider.[33]
Electric Visionary Aircraft France Ducted fan Battery Private 2017 Prototype two-seater vertical take-off and landing air taxi prototype[34][35]
Electravia E-Fenix France Motor glider Battery Private 2001 Prototype [36]
Electravia ElectroLight2 France Motor glider Battery Private 2001 Production [37][38]
Electravia BL1E Electra France Propeller Battery 2007 [39][40] First registered aircraft in the world powered by electric engine and with batteries.[citation needed]
Electravia Electro Trike France Motor glider Battery 2008 [41]
AutoGyro GmbH eCavalon Germany Rotorcraft Battery Experimental 2013 Prototype
ENFICA-FC Propeller Fuel cell Experimental Prototype Converted Rapid 200FC.[42]
eUP Aviation Green1 Canada Motor glider Battery 2012 Production [43]
Flightstar e-Spyder Propeller Battery 2009 Converted Flightstar Sportstar Spyder. Also offered as the Greenwing GW280 and Yuneec eSpyder.[44]
MC15E Cri-Cri Propeller Battery 2010 [45]
Icaro 2000 Trike Motor glider Battery Private Production [46]
La France France Airship Battery Experimental Prototype [47]
Lange Antares 20E Germany Motor glider Battery Experimental 2003 Production [48][49] First electric aircraft to obtain a certificate of airworthiness.[citation needed]
Lange Antares 23E Germany Motor glider Battery Experimental 2012 Production
Lange LF 20 Germany Motor glider Battery Experimental 1999 Prototype Modified DG800.[50]
Lilium Aviation Germany Ducted fan Battery Private 2017 Prototype two-seater vertical take-off and landing air taxi prototype[51][52]
Luxembourg Special Aerotechnics MC30E Battery Experimental 2012 Prototype [53][54]
MacCready Gossamer Penguin US Propeller Solar Experimental 1980 Prototype Flown for press demonstration at Muroc Dry Lake (NASA Dryden flight research center adjacent to Edwards Air Force base.)[55]
MacCready Solar Challenger US Propeller Solar Experimental 1981 Prototype Flew 262 km (163 mi) from Paris to England.[56]
Matsushita / Tokyo Institute of Technology aircraft Japan Propeller Battery Experimental 2006 Prototype Powered by 160 AA battery cells.[57]
Mauro Solar Riser Propeller Solar Experimental 1979 Prototype First manned, solar-powered airplane. Based on the UFM Easy Riser. Solar cells charged battery for flight.[58]
Militky MB-E1 West Germany Propeller Battery Experimental 1973 Prototype First manned airplane to fly solely on electric power.[59]
MIT Monarch US Propeller Hybrid Experimental Prototype Batteries charged by human power.[60] Followed by the MIT Monarch 2.
NASA Centurion US UAV Solar Experimental Prototype
NASA Helios US UAV Battery Experimental 1999 Prototype
NASA Pathfinder US UAV Solar Experimental 1993 Prototype Developed by AeroVironment, Inc from the HALSOL prototype.[61][62] Pathfinder Plus had increased span.
NASA Puffin USA Personal air vehicle Battery Experimental 2010 Project [63]
NASA X-57 Maxwell US Propeller Battery Experimental 2016 Project Modified Tecnam P2006T.[64][65]
New Concept Aircraft (Zhuhai) Green Pioneer Ι China Solar Experimental 2002 Prototype [66][67]
Opener BlackFly United States Propeller Battery Production ultralight 2011 Under development [68]
PC-Aero Elektra One Germany Propeller Solar 2011 Project [69]
Petróczy-Kármán-Žurovec PKZ-1 Hungary Rotorcraft Cable Observation 1917 Prototype Tethered to the ground.
Pipistrel Taurus Electro G2 Slovenia Motor glider Battery Private 2011 Production
Pipistrel Taurus G4 Slovenia Motor glider Battery Experimental 2011 Prototype Twin fuselage. The G4 won the NASA Green Flight Challenge in 2011.[70][71][72]
QinetiQ Zephyr UK UAV Solar Patrol 2008 Prototype The 2010 redesign holds the UAV endurance record of over 2 weeks (336 hours).[73][74]
Schempp-Hirth Discus-2c FES Germany Motor glider Battery 2015 Production
Schempp-Hirth Ventus-2cxa FES Germany Motor glider Battery 2014 Production
Schempp-Hirth Arcus-E Germany Motor glider Battery 2010 Production [75]
Siemens-FlyEco Magnus eFusion Germany-Hungary Propeller Hybrid diesel-electric 2018 Under development for production [76]
Soaring China Solar 1992 [77][78]
Solair 1 Propeller Solar Experimental 1983 Developed from a Farner canard design.[79][80] The Solair II flew 1998.[80]
Solar Impulse Propeller Solar Experimental 2009 Prototype [81]
Solar Impulse 2 Propeller Solar Experimental 2015 Prototype First round-the-world trip by an electric aircraft.[citation needed]
Solar-Powered Aircraft Developments Solar One UK Propeller Solar Experimental 1979 Prototype Solar cells charged battery for flight.[82][83][84]
SolarStratos Propeller Solar Experimental 2017 Prototype First flight in 2017.[85]
Solution F/Chretien Helicopter Rotorcraft Battery Experimental 2011 Prototype First free-flying manned electric helicopter.[86][87]
Sonex Electric Sport Aircraft Propeller Battery 2010 Production [88][89]
SORA-e Brazil Propeller Battery Experimental 2015 Prototype [90][91]
Stuttgart University Icaré II Germany Solar 1996 [92]
Sunseeker I US Propeller Solar Experimental 1990 Prototype [93] The Sunseeker II was built in 2002.
Sunseeker Duo US Propeller Solar Experimental 2013 Prototype [94] [95]
Tier1 electric Robinson R44 US Rotorcraft Battery Experimental 2016 Prototype [96][97][98]
Tissandier France Airship Battery Experimental 1883 Prototype First electric powered aircraft.[47]
Ultraflight Lazair Electric Battery Experimental 2011 Prototype [99]
Volta Volare GT4 Hybrid 2012 Project Diesel-electric hybrid.[100]
Yuneec International E430 China Propeller Battery Private 2009 Production Homebuilt aircraft.[101][102]

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