Lilla Nygatan (Swedish: Small New Street) is a street in Gamla stan, the old town of Stockholm, Sweden. Stretching from the square Munkbron south to Kornhamnstorg, the street in intercepted by Yxsmedsgränd, Kåkbrinken, Schönfeldts Gränd, Tyska Brinken, and Lejonstedts Gränd, while forming a parallel street to Stora Nygatan and Munkbrogatan.
Origin of the name
Together with Stora Nygatan, the street was part of a new city plan following the great fire of 1625, the street probably dating from 1630. It was being referred to as den nedre nye gathen ("the lower new street") in 1639, nedhre Nye gatun in 1641, nedre Nyegathon and nedre gathon in 1646, and Wästere Nyegathun ("western New street") in 1647. In 1660, the street was called Bryggaregatan (Bryggere Gaten, "Brewer's street") because of the number of brewers residing on its western side. Again, it is mentioned as nedrelangathun in 1667, while being called lilla Kongsgatan ("Small King's Street") in the early 18th century. The present name Lilla Nygatan became prevailing from 1720. Because Lilla and Stora Nygatan were often confused with each other, it was suggested in 1921 Lilla Nygatan should be renamed Postiljonsgatan ("Mailcoach Street") in reference to the post office, a proposal never put forward however.
Archaeological excavations in the crossing Lilla Nygatan/Tyska Brinken in 1993, unveiled remains of an old city wall and traces of what was interpreted as a defensive tower from the 14th century known as Bocktornet ("Buck (He-goat) Tower"). Later investigations have however made in more likely to be structures from the defensive system constructed in the 1560s. The defensive wall passed diagonally across today's Lilla Nygatan; east of the street south of the crossing and west of it north of the crossing.
On Number 6 is the Postmuseum, a postal museum which boasts having a unique postal historical and philatelic collections. The entire block constituted the only post office in the capital from its inauguration in 1720 until the inauguration of the museum in 1906. The present façade, designed by Fredrik Blom in 1820-1825, is centred on the four green Ekeberg marble columns standing on the pavement, the doric capitals supporting a balcony decorated with sphinxs. While the windows of the piano nobile support pediments with corbels, the upper part of the composition is gradually simplified. The interior was rebuilt in 1986, the entire building extensively restored in 1999.
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- "Innerstaden: Gamla stan". Stockholms gatunamn (in Swedish) (2nd ed.). Stockholm: Kommittén för Stockholmsforskning. 1992. pp. 60, 73. ISBN 91-7031-042-4.
- John Hedlund (2002). "Cerberus 1, 3, 4 & Lejonstedts Gränd" (PDF) (in Swedish). Stockholm City Museum. Retrieved 2007-02-21. (including maps of the assumed extension of the medieval walls)
- "Postmuseum". Stockholm: Postmuseum. 2006-12-12. Retrieved 2007-02-05. (English)
- Johan Mårtelius (1999). "Södra innerstaden". Guide till Stockholms arkitektur (in Swedish) (2nd ed.). Stockholm: Arkitektur Förlag AB. p. 132. ISBN 91-86050-41-9.