Limpopo girdled lizard

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Limpopo girdled lizard
Szyszkowiec - Cordylus jonesii - ZOO Warszawa.JPG
Cordylus jonesii.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Cordylidae
Genus: Cordylus
Species:
C. jonesii
Binomial name
Cordylus jonesii
(Boulenger, 1891)
Synonyms[1]
  • Zonurus jonesii
    Boulenger, 1891
  • Zonurus cordylus jonesii
    Power, 1930
  • Cordylus jonesii
    V. FitzSimons, 1943
  • Cordylus cordylus jonesii
    Loveridge, 1944
  • Cordylus tropidosternum jonesii
    Auerbach, 1987
  • Cordylus jonesii
    Broadley & Branch, 2002

The Limpopo girdled lizard (Cordylus jonesii), also known commonly as Jones' armadillo lizard and Jones' girdled lizard, is a species of lizard in the family Cordylidae. The species is endemic to Southern Africa.

Etymology[edit]

The specific name, jonesii, is in honor of a "Mr. C. R. Jones" who collected the holotype.[2] The type locality is the Murchison Range in Limpopo.[3]

Geographic range[edit]

C. jonesii is found along South Africa's border with Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique.

Behavior and habitat[edit]

The Limpopo girdled lizard is arboreal and inhabits dry forests, especially mopane woodland.[3] It hides under loose bark and in hollow tree limbs.

Description[edit]

The dorsal pattern of C. jonesii varies from red to brown to gray, with dark spots or lines. On some individuals, the lines fuse into a black-bordered white stripe along the midline of the back. The Limpopo girdled lizard has a distinct dark dorsolateral stripe running from the head to the hips. The belly, throat, and lips are cream to yellow. The tail is very spiny and about 45% the total length of the animal. The maximum total length (including tail) is about 166 mm (6.5 in).

Taxonomy[edit]

The Limpopo girdled lizard is sometimes classified as a subspecies of the tropical girdled lizard (Cordylus tropidosternum). When both species are held together, the Limpopo girdled lizard has a noticeably shorter snout. In C. jonesii the nostril pierces the center of the nasal scale (the lower posterior corner of the nasal in C. tropidosternum). Scales on the throat and belly of C. jonesii are smooth instead of keeled. C. jonesii is exported from Mozambique for the pet trade, where it is often mislabeled as Cordylus vittifer.

In captivity[edit]

The Limpopo girdled lizard makes a hardy captive, feeding on insects and other small arthropods.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cordylus jonesii ". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
  2. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Cordylus jonesii, p. 136).
  3. ^ a b Uetz, Peter; Hallermann, Jakob. "Cordylus jonesii (BOULENGER, 1891)". The Reptiles Database. Zoological Museum Hamburg. Retrieved 19 December 2018.

Further reading[edit]

  • Boulenger GA (1891). "Description of a new Lizard of the Genus Zonurus from the Transvaal". Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Sixth Series 7: 417. (Zonurus jonesii, new species).
  • Branch, Bill (2004). Field Guide to Snakes and other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Third Revised edition, Second impression. Sanibel Island, Florida: Ralph Curtis Books Publishing. 399 pp. ISBN 0-88359-042-5. (Cordylus tropidosternum jonesi, p. 195 + Plate 66).
  • Broadley DG, Branch WR (2002). "A review of the small east African Cordylus (Sauria: Cordylidae), with the description of a new species". African Journal of Herpetology 51 (1): 9–34.