|• Total||11.99 km2 (4.63 sq mi)|
|Elevation||519 m (1,703 ft)|
|Population (Dec 2016)|
|• Density||460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Surrounded by||Bassersdorf, Brütten, Illnau-Effretikon, Nürensdorf, Volketswil, Wangen-Brüttisellen, Winterthur|
Lindau is first mentioned in 774 as Lintauvia.
Lindau has an area of 11.9 km2 (4.6 sq mi). Of this area, 47.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 34% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 18.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.3%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains). In 1996[update] housing and buildings made up 9% of the total area, while transportation infrastructure made up the rest (9.1%). Of the total unproductive area, water (streams and lakes) made up 0.2% of the area. As of 2007[update] 13.7% of the total municipal area was undergoing some type of construction.
The municipality if located in the western portion of the lower Kempt valley. It includes the villages of Lindau, Tagelswangen, Winterberg and Grafstal.
Lindau has a population (as of 31 December 2016) of 5,489. As of 2007[update], 18.3% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. As of 2008[update] the gender distribution of the population was 51% male and 49% female. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 33%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (85.6%), with Italian being second most common ( 3.7%) and Serbo-Croatian being third ( 3.0%).
The age distribution of the population (as of 2000[update]) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 26.7% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 63.9% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 9.4%. The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Lindau about 76.7% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). There are 1545 households in Lindau.
Lindau has an unemployment rate of 2.39%. As of 2005[update], there were 101 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 29 businesses involved in this sector. 791 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 51 businesses in this sector. 1044 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 136 businesses in this sector. As of 2007[update] 47.1% of the working population were employed full-time, and 52.9% were employed part-time.
As of 2008[update] there were 1240 Catholics and 2159 Protestants in Lindau. In the 2000 census, religion was broken down into several smaller categories. From the census[update], 50.4% were some type of Protestant, with 45.9% belonging to the Swiss Reformed Church and 4.4% belonging to other Protestant churches. 25.3% of the population were Catholic. Of the rest of the population, 0% were Muslim, 11.2% belonged to another religion (not listed), 2.9% did not give a religion, and 9.7% were atheist or agnostic.
The historical population is given in the following table:
- Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017
- Lindau in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 2016-01-05 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 11-Aug-2009
- Statistics Zurich (in German) accessed 4 August 2009
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