Lineage selection

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Lineage selection, occurs when the frequency of one biological lineage changes in frequency relative to another lineage. Lineage selection is a generalization of individual based natural selection; the stating that an allele is favored by natural selection is equivalent to stating that the lineage bearing the allele is favored by natural selection.[1] For alleles with simple positive or negative fitness effects, lineage and individual based selection are equivalent. However, lineage selection can accommodate a wider array of evolutionary phenomena, such as the adaptive evolution of evolvability,[2] altruism,[1] and recombination.[3] Additionally, lineage selection is useful in determining the effects of mutations in highly structured environments such as tumors.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Akçay, Erol; Cleve, Jeremy Van (2016-02-05). "There is no fitness but fitness, and the lineage is its bearer". Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B. 371 (1687): 20150085. doi:10.1098/rstb.2015.0085. ISSN 0962-8436. PMC 4760187. PMID 26729925.
  2. ^ Kirschner, Marc; Gerhart, John (1998-07-21). "Evolvability". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 95 (15): 8420–8427. doi:10.1073/pnas.95.15.8420. ISSN 0027-8424. PMC 33871. PMID 9671692.
  3. ^ "Lineage Selection and the Maintenance of Sex" (PDF). PLoS ONE. 8 (6e66906): e66906. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0066906.
  4. ^ Nunney, Leonard (1999-03-07). "Lineage selection and the evolution of multistage carcinogenesis". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences. 266 (1418): 493–498. doi:10.1098/rspb.1999.0664. ISSN 0962-8452. PMC 1689794. PMID 10189713.